The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.
The regional unit conjures up the traditional peasant way of life in Erdőhát (Szatmár County). The subregion of characteristic culture lies in Szamosköz, north-eastern Hungary, between the rivers Tisza and Szamos. Erdőhát borders on Tiszahát in the north and on Szamoshát on the south-west. Its eastern parts are referred to by its inhabitants as Túrhát and Palágyság. The elevations (hátak) of the land, slashed by streams and brooks, were covered with woods, rich in fruit-trees, and with dense oak-forests, even in the early 19th century. Most villages of the population settled here in the age of the Arpads (897-1301) were built on clearings in the 11th-14th centuries. In keeping with ecological conditions people mainly engaged in animal husbandry, silviculture, fishing and gathering. Tilling and grain production only became significant after the regulation of rivers and draining of marshes in the last third of the 19th century.
In the late 1960s, during research for the Museum, we found so many relics and memories preserved in the Erdőhát that we could almost completely reconstruct the 19th century way of life based on medieval traditions.
The pattern of settlement, established by the 14th century, can also be studied today. The villages of medieval origin, populated by 200-500 souls, comprise one or two streets. The two rows of houses, each on a narrow plot, widen out to form a square around the church. In the farmyards several buildings stand to serve different purposes. The most important building material was oak. Up to the 1850s-1880s houses were erected on oaken groundsills. The timber frame of the walls was mortised into this sill then filled out with vertically twined wattle and daubed thick.
One of the most beautiful belfries of Szatmár County was transplanted in 1971 from the Nemesborzova parish, affiliated to Mánd. We found no date on it (it might have disappeared during dismantling) but church records, and the structure of the construction led us to believe that it was erected in 1667. Building material for the 21,30 m high tower came from neighbouring oak-forests. The well-proportioned building rests on 10 sills forming a square net. The nine 9 m pillars of the body were mortised into this base then tied with a system of diagonal and horizontal beams. The body carries a balcony, bearing a covered cloister with the open arcade outside, and topped by a steeple with a turret on each corner. From the two bells that used to toll in it, we have managed to acquire the smaller, 80 kilo one for the Museum. The turrets, the body, and the roof of the housing of the base, the "skirt", are covered with shingles of deal. The structure of the belfry is late Gothic but its appearance shows Renaissance effects.(Source: skanzen .hu)
Critiques | Translate
besnard (56597) 2010-06-26 1:23
Une trčs belle image lumineuse avec l'église au clocher intéressant et cette chaumičre comme on n'en voit plus beaucoup.
merci pour le partage et bon week-end.
bukitgolfb301 (42712) 2010-06-26 1:36
Hi my dear George
So wonderful architecture shot!
Very unique combinations os various houses.
The loccation of the people is also well orgnaized.
Well conseidered framework/composition as usual, so nice fresh/bright/comfortable color description and so sharp focus description. Congratulation on your fine job!
Thanks for your sharing and have a beatiful Saturday!
Best regards from rainy season of Tokyo,
dip (23888) 2010-06-26 2:36
good capture of the scene in the open air museum,
beautiful photo with interesting architectural details,
excellent lighting and good sharpness,
Have a nice weekend,
Bluejeans (64251) 2010-06-26 2:49
Ola George ,
Que beleza estas casas com este telhado de palha me fez lembrara as casas da Ilha da Madeira ,linda a torre da igreja em madeira é um belo trabalho de arte , boa diagonal com este caminho , boas cores e luz, parabéns!!
Um abraço Gonçalo
Bom fim de semana
Silvio1953 (145645) 2010-06-26 3:27
Ciao George, great POV on nice little village, wonderful composition with lovely cdouple in FG, splendid light and colors, very well done my friend, have a good week end, ciao Silvio
pauloog (11751) 2010-06-26 3:29
Going back ito time... A well composed view of some of the restored beautiful buildings.
snunney (100774) 2010-06-26 4:05
A splendid composition of this lovely ensemble of rustic buildings. The point of view is well chosen, putting the bell tower off centre and having it framed by the other buildings. I like very much the atmosphere and the lovely light and tones. Great clarity. Have a good weekend.
dta (79098) 2010-06-26 4:10
Hello Georg ,
of course , this is not a real village . But nevertheless very interesting . And your composition is really excellent , withsuperb colors and contrasts .
Cretense (68703) 2010-06-26 4:37
I remember this beautiful open air museum from some of your "old" posts! One more extremely beautiful shot, excellent composition and framing, perfect light management, beautiful colours! Congratulations!
npecanhuk (75592) 2010-06-26 4:57
Very nice open air museum, with lovely buildings!
Very attractive picture with excellent sharpness, exposure, pov, dof, colors, pp, contrasts, black & white borders and composition!
It must be very nice to visit that museum!
TFS - congratulations!
francio64 (39888) 2010-06-26 5:57
scena di vita quotidiana ben catturata e ben contornata da piacevole architettura.
Ottima la gestione delle luci e ottimo lo sharp.
ymrk (15079) 2010-06-26 7:21
fascinatic daily life scene in our life..beautiful light,lovely details of persons!
All the best,György!
dkmurphys (60031) 2010-06-26 7:26
nice rustic architecture...very similar to the one from the east of your country :P. Nice composition.
Sergiom (81809) 2010-06-26 7:52
Cette belle maison au toit de chaume porte le regard vers ce beau clocher de bois trčs bien conservé
Les touristes semblent appricier.
saxo042 (37900) 2010-06-26 9:02
This looks indeed like a very interesting place, well worth to be visited. A very pleasant capture here of the daily life with all the visitors!
vasilpro (41549) 2010-06-26 9:08
Interesting museum, very well composed picture, excellent light management, beautiful buildings, lovely colors, very nice POV with people filling the scene with life.
Have a nice Saturday evening, Vasilis.
mauro61 (52857) 2010-06-26 9:12
belli questi musei all'aperto che conservano le tradizioni della cultura locale.
Ne ho visitato qualcuno in Olanda, molto interessanti.
Perfetta la tua inquadratura animata dai turisti,
Fante (5429) 2010-06-26 13:55
excelent shoot with very interesting view. Great composition, great POV and sharpness. Very interesting architecture. Bravo.
lousat (92892) 2010-06-26 16:23
Hi George,very very nice pic,perfect light and colors and the best sharpness as possible.I like a lot this new tourist guide of your country,and you know how i like your series,i discover Dougga thanks at you! Have a nice Sunday and thanks,LUCIANO
jjcordier (79297) 2010-06-26 23:09
Trčs belle photo de ce splendide village-musée. Composition, lumičre et couleurs sont parfaites.
jurek1951 (42196) 2010-06-26 23:14
Very well composed and captured photo. Great color, details and light.Very well done
danyy (0) 2010-06-26 23:28
beau village ancien, bien honoré par une photo de qualité. J'aime particuličrement bien les lumičres. Une trčs grande netteté permet de distinguer les moindres détails.
kordinator (20523) 2010-06-27 0:41
Excellent captured a beautiful village.
I really insist on everyone that works there are a lot of natural and rural motive.
I love these works, so that I like this photo very much.
In addition to building beautiful human factor is decisive for the wonderful atmosphere in the photograph.
Perfect sharpness and good management of light.
Very good framed.
jlbrthnn (76037) 2010-06-27 13:33
Good evening George,
Always same quality, and the same good balance of the composition. People give dynamism and pleasure. Cheer.
Have a nice day
mesutilgim (95528) 2010-06-27 13:55
Wonderfull landscape with many nice traditional elements and local achitecture.
Again good and many usefull notes.
TFS and best regards
jemaflor (98771) 2010-06-28 11:15
Nice light for this pov, interesting pov with old house and church, tfs.
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2011-04-15 2:25
It gives me great pleasure to go through your wonderful gallery. I love this charming village .Lovely museum with nice peaceful atmosphere. Inclusion of people adds more charm. Nice sharp image with good colors.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-03-30
- Categories: Daily Life, Nature, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/250 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2010-06-26 1:11