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Village from the Upper-Tisza region

The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.

Upper-Tisza region

The Upper-Tisza regional unit represents the folk architecture of the inhabitants living in the north-eastern corner of the country, a territory wedged between Slovakia, the Ukraine and Romania. The area, devided by the River Tisza and its tributaries was densely covered in oak-forests and woods rich in fruit trees. The majority of the villages founded in the Árpád-era were built on clearings in the 11th-14th centuries. In the place enclosed by waters and swamps the system of small villages has remained since the Middle Ages. Those living here have been engaged in animal husbandry, forestry, food-gathering and fishing for centuries. The growing of grain crops and farming gained importance only after the river regulations in the late 19th century.

Belfry, Nemesborzova (in the background)

One of the most beautiful belfries of Szatmár County was transplanted in 1971 from the Nemesborzova parish, affiliated to Mánd. We found no date on it (it might have disappeared during dismantling) but church records, and the structure of the construction led us to believe that it was erected in 1667. Building material for the 21,30 m high tower came from neighbouring oak-forests. The well-proportioned building rests on 10 sills forming a square net. The nine 9 m pillars of the body were mortised into this base then tied with a system of diagonal and horizontal beams. The body carries a balcony, bearing a covered cloister with the open arcade outside, and topped by a steeple with a turret on each corner. From the two bells that used to toll in it, we have managed to acquire the smaller, 80 kilo one for the Museum. The turrets, the body, and the roof of the housing of the base, the "skirt", are covered with shingles of deal. The structure of the belfry is late Gothic but its appearance shows Renaissance effects.
(Source: skanzen .hu)

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Viewed: 2008
Points: 68
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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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