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Seven chieftains of the Hungarians - The Millennium Monument, Budapest

The Seven chieftains - The statues of Chieftain Árpád and the six other conquering tribe leaders on horseback stand around the pedestal of the column.

The Seven chieftains of the Magyar (or Hungarians) were the leaders of the seven tribes of the Hungarians at the time of their arrival to the Carpathian Basin in 895 AD. Constantine VII, emperor of the Byzantine Empire names the seven tribes in his De Administrando Imperio, a list that can be verified with names of Hungarian settlements. A Hungarian chronicler known as Anonymus, author of Gesta Hungarorum, names the seven chieftains as: Árpád, Előd, Ond, Kond, Tas, Huba, Töhötöm.

The Hungarian Settlement

The first Magyar (Hungarian) settlers of Hungary, led by seven chieftains, arrived in the Carpathian Basin in 895-896. The hundred years following this and leading up to the crowning of the first Hungarian king is generally termed the Settlement.
It is supposed the Hungarians originate from the area between the Ural Mountains and the River Ob, and that migration started around 3000 BC. According to legend, the progenitor of the Hungarian chieftains was Emese. Her son, Álmos, set the people in motion, but it was his grandson, Árpád, who led the half a million 'Magyars' to the land known today as Hungary. His descendents, kings of the House of Árpád, ruled the country for its first three hundred years.

The Millennium Monument

The monument created as a memorial to 1000th anniversary of the Hungarian settlement, is a determinant work of art of the Heroes' Square (Hősök tere). 14 renowned figures of the Hungarian history found their place in this composition, which has been redesigned on several occasions. In the middle the spirit of victory personified by Archangel Gabriel stands on top of a 36 metre-tall column. The statues of Chieftain Árpád and the six other conquering tribe leaders on horseback stand around the pedestal of the column. Above the rows of pillars there are two statues groups on each side. Within the butt piers of the colonnade are the two horse chariots of War and Peace (on the photo the statue of war visible). (Source: vendégváró & wikipedia)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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