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The Statue of János Hunyadi, Pécs

The work of Pál Pátzay, the statue of János Hunyadi riding a horse is erected on the southeast side of Széchenyi square. The Governor of Hungary, János Hunyadi won a victory over the Turkish troops in 1456 under Nándorfehérvár (the present Belgrade). The statue was erected in 1956 commemorating the 500th anniversary of the victory of Belgrade and the death of the hero.

The heroism of Hunyadi served as an example for Hungarians for centuries, while his name is preserved by the sagas of the peoples of South-East Europe too. According to popular belief the midday bell toll in the country commemorates the victorious battle. Other resources however point out that Pope Calixtus III. had earlier ordered that Christians should aid the struggle against the Muslims with prayers during the midday bell toll. The news of this decree however only reached Hungary following the victorious battle.
Pál Pátzay won the right for making the statue on a tender in 1951. The person of the artist was not a subject for debate, the location of the statue at the same time was very much so. The leadership of the town found two venues suitable for this purpose: the Dóm square and the Széchenyi square. According to the original plans the statue would have been erected on the spot where the statue of the Holy Trinity stands, however, the artist chose the southwest section of the square instead. According to his opinion, the front view of the statue is from the side. The location was perfect as the memorial stands out from all directions. Its asymmetrical positioning seems as if it repeated the irregular orientation of the mosque.

Pécs

Pécs is one of the most important intellectual, spiritual, cultural and economic centres of Southern Transdanubia. Combined with its priceless heritage sites, its lively cultural scene, theatres and museums, and the surrounding holiday resorts make the town a popular tourist centre.
Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek mountains in the south-west of the country, close to its border with Croatia. It is the administrative and economical centre of Baranya county. Pécs is also the seat of Roman Catholic Diocese of Pécs.
The city Sopianae was founded by Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century, on an area peopled by Celts and Pannoni tribes. By the 4th century it became the capital of Valeria province and a significant early Christian center. The early Christian necropolis is from this era which became an UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 2000.
Its episcopate was founded in 1009 by Steven I, and the first university in Hungary was founded in Pécs in 1367 by Louis I the Great. (The largest university still resides in Pécs with about 34,000 students.) Pécs was formed into one of the cultural and arts center of the country by bishop Janus Pannonius, the great, Hungarian, humanist poet. Pécs has a rich heritage from the age of a 150 year long Ottoman occupation, like the mosque of Pasha Qasim the Victorious on Széchenyi square. (Source: vendégváró)

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Viewed: 1923
Points: 32
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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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