The Temple of Olympian Zeus or Olympieion or Thick of Zeus is an important ancient temple in the center of Athens. Although construction began in the 6th century BC, but was not completed on the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD. It was the largest temple in Greece during the Hellenistic and Roman times.
The temple is located southeast of the Acropolis, and approximately 700 meters from the center of Athens. The foundations of the first temple on the site, was built by the tyrant Pisistratus of Athens in 515 BC but the work stopped when the son of Pisistratus, Hippias was ostracized in 510 BC
During the Athenian democracy, the temple remained unfinished, apparently because the Greeks of the classical period saw an insult to construct buildings of this size. In his work Politics Aristotle uses the church as an example of how the tyrannical regimes are forcing people to deal with huge projects, leaving their time, energy and responses.
The completion of the temple was in the 3rd century BC during Makedonikis domination in Greece under the auspices of the Hellenistic king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who hired the Roman Kossoutio architect to design the largest temple in the known world. When Antiochus died in 164 BC the construction of the temple stopped again.
In 86 BC when they entered the Greek cities under Roman rule, General Cornelius Sulla got 2 columns from the half-finished church in Rome to decorate the temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill. The columns influenced the spread and flourishing of Corinthian style in Rome.
The 2nd century BC The temple was completed in 129 AD (or 131 AD according to others) finished by the Emperor Hadrian was a great admirer of Greek culture.
The temple was constructed by Pentelic marble and was 96 meters long on the edges and 40 meters on the east and west facade. He had 104 Corinthian columns, each 17 meters high, 2.6 meters in diameter and weighs 364 tonnes. 48 columns stood in triple series under the pediments and 56 in a double row edges. Only 15 of the original columns of the temple are still standing today. A gale threw a column in 1852, located in the same spot.
Hadrian dedicated the temple to Zeus. Also erected a huge gold and ivory statue of Zeus in the cella of the temple. T 'pediments decorated many statues, but also to the whole church were statues and busts of famous men. The Athenians, to show their gratitude to Hadrian, built the statue behind the church. Unfortunately none of the sculptures that adorned the temple has survived. It is not known exactly when the temple was destroyed, but assumed that like other large buildings in Athens was destroyed probably by an earthquake during the Byzantine period and the ruins were used to construct other buildings.
The temple was excavated in 1889-1896 by Francis Penrose (Francis Penrose) of the British Archaeological School in Athens in 1922 by the German archaeologist Gabriel Velter (Gabriel Welter) and since 1960 by Greek archaeologists led by John Travlos.
PS In the bottom left of the picture, it seems the gate of ADRIANOS.
Critiques | Translate
LeeLoo (0) 2009-11-25 3:27
Dear Dimitris Kastanaras!
Very interesting ruins.
Very good note.
Original point of view.
macjake (45588) 2009-11-25 15:33
First of all, what an excellent photographers note..i see you put alot of time and effort into that, well written.
you show us here a wonderful wide angle view of these ruins. The size of those columns are incredible!
Thanks for sharing this
Have a great day
Cretense (68671) 2009-11-26 2:58
Geia sou Dimitri!
Den xero pou anevikes gia na kaneis afti ti lipsi, i thea pantos einai katapliktiki! Oraia synthesi kai kadrarisma, kalos fotismos, leipei omos sharpness!
Vasa (16612) 2009-11-27 12:17
from your position you have a nice panoramic view of great Athens. Many thanks for sharing your privilege to be in that wonderful historical city. In friend country. So glad to know you.
TopGeo (38080) 2009-12-10 1:09
Γειά σου Δημήτρη (θεσσαλέ)!
Πολύ εντυπωσιακό σημείο!!επέλεξες, επίσης το πλάνο εντυπωσιάζει! Δοκίμασε να χρησιμοποιείς τρίποδο, Βλέπω πολύ καλά στοιχεία στις δυνατότητες της μηχανής σου που ίσως δεν τα εκμεταλεύεσε??? Αλλά σε συγχαίρω για την αγάπη σου στην φωτό!(τα λέμε! και ευχαριστώ!)
BeBeHooker (0) 2009-12-10 2:27
Very fine long perspective. Spectacular view. Interesting ruin of temple. Nice colors.
mitsikas (883) 2009-12-24 12:09
Γεια σου Δημήτρη. Πολύ καλό θέμα για τον φωτογραφικό σου φακό. Φώς και χρώματα είναι αρκετά καλά, αξιόλογο αποτέλεσμα. Σε χαιρετώ Χρήστος