Dedicadet to my friend MESUT ILGIM (mesutilgim)
Side view of the wooden frame Angel also virgin or maiden. A Viking invention used in sailing long ships from about the 10th century AD that predates blocks. They served the purpose of a block/jamb cleat in one unit.It was a flat section of wood about 150 high x 120 wide shaped like an angel/butterfly used in attaching stays to the hull. The V shape at the lower part of the "wings" acted as a V jam cleat.
Bitts- Two short strong posts often made of steel, located on the fore and aft sidedecks of a heavily built boat or ship, that are designed to take heavy mooring lines.
Block a fitting with a circular wheel inside 2 cheeks designed to hold the turn of a rope. Originally made of wood, they are now made of plastic, stainless steel or carbon fibre. They are mainly used in rigging in pairs or quads to allow a single person to operate a sail that creates a lot of force. Similar to a pulley or sheave.
Bow - The front and generally sharp end of the hull. It is designed to reduce the resistance of the hull cutting through water and should be tall enough to prevent water from easily washing over the deck of the hull.
Bowsprit - A spar that extends forward from the foredeck,outboard of the hull proper. Common in square rigged ships where they were used to attach the outer or flying jib. In modern sailboats they are often made of lightweight carbon and used for attaching the luff of lightweight down wind sails.
Breasthook - A roughly triangular piece of wood fitted immediately aft of the stem and between the two inwhales or sheer clamps usually in a wooden dinghy.
Bulkhead - The internal walls of the hull.
Bulwarks - The upstanding part of the topsides, above the deck, providing safe footing when a boat is heeled.
Catsheads - A short timber(or pair of timbers) that protrudes approximately at right angles from the foredeck of a square rigged sailing ship. Its purpose is to support the weight of the anchor and keep the anchor secure and outboard of the hull to avoid damaging the hull planking.
Capstan A horizontal wooden winch secured to the deck of a square rigged sailing ship, used for hoisting the anchor. The capstan was fitted with removable wooden arms fiited into sockets on which the seaman pushed . Seashanties were often chanted to keep the seamen together as they pushed.
Carlin - A longitudinal strip parallel to, but inboard of, the inwhale (sheer clamp). It supports the inboard edge of the side deck and the side of the cabin cladding.
Chainplate - A strip of strong metal, often stainless steel,through bolted to the topsides and a frame and protruding above deck level to take the load of a stay in a sail boat.
Chines - Are long, longitudinal strips on hydroplaning hulls that deflect downwards the spray that is produced by the hull when it travels at speed in the water. The term also refers to distinct changes in angle of the hull sections, where the bottom blends into the top sides of a flat, v or arc bottomed boat such as a skiff, for instance. A multi chine hull has 4 or more chines to allow an approximation of a round bottomed shape using flat panels. It also refers to the longitudinal members inside the hull which support the edges of these panels.
Cleat - A fitting designed to tie off ropes. Often T shaped.
Deck - The top surface of the hull keeps water and weather out of the hull and allows the crew to operate the boat more easily. It stiffens the hull. Temporary frames(or moulds) can be removed and kept for another boat.
Deck beam - A heavy timber running athwartwise(across)from the top of a frame under the deck.It usually has a gentle convex(upward) curve for extra strength, extra head height below deck along the centre line and to allow water to run off the deck when the boat is upright.
Dolphin striker - A short spar fitted mid way and vertically downwards,midway along a bowsprit that holds the bobstay and prevents the outboard end of the bowsprit riding upwards under the load of a tensioned headsail.
Dorade - A ventilation intake consisting of a cowling connected to a short vertical tube connected to a deck mounted scupppered (Dorade) box,usually made from teak. The cabin intake is offset to prevent water entering the cabin. The upper section swivels to stop breaking seas entering the dorade. Named after the 1931 yacht Dorade where it was first used.
Frame - the transverse shaped material that give a boat its shape. Frames may be solid or peripheral. They may be made of wood, plywood, steel, aluminium or composite materials. They may be removed after construction to save weight or to be reused or left insitu. In ancient shipbuilding the frames were put in after the planking but now most boats are built with the frames first. This gives greater control over the shape. Today frames can be cut directly from a computer programme by a robot, with extreme accuracy. In old heavily built, square rigged ships, the frames were made up of 4 individual timbers called futtocks, as it was impossible to make the shape from a single piece of wood. The futtock closest to the keel was the ground futtock and the other pieces were called upper futtocks.
Garboard - The strake immediately adjacent to the keel in a traditional wooden boat.
Gunwale - The upper, outside longitudinal structural member of the hull.
Inwhale - The upper, inner longitudinal structural member of the hull, to which topside panels are fixed. In USA this is usually called the sheer clamp.
Hatch - A lifting or sliding opening into the cabin or deck for the loading of cargo or people.
Heads - marine toilet. An abbreviation of the term catsheads which was the normal place of toileting in square rigger days. Always used in the plural by shippy folk.
Hull - The main body of a ship or other vessel, including the bottom, sides, and deck.
Hydrofoil-An inverted T or an L shaped keel/dagger board device, with hydro dynamic lifting ability, that extends vertically downwards under the hull. As boat speed increases the hull lifts completely out of the water so drag is reduced and hull speed dramatically increased. The AC 72 ft catamaran New Zealand reached 40 knots in 17 knots of wind with almost no heeling, using hydrofoils in September 2012. Sometimes called foiling or foil sailing. Most commonly used in 11 feet Moth sail boats. Also used in powerboats.
Keel - The main central member along the length of the bottom of the boat. It is an important part of the boat's structure which also has a strong influence on its turning performance and, in sailing boats, resists the sideways pressure of the wind
Keelson - An internal beam fixed to the top of the keel to strengthen the joint of the upper members of the boat to the keel.
King plank - A flat, notched (nibbed)timber laid over the foredeck beams between the front of a cockpit or cabinand the stem. The notches or nibbs are designed so that the tapering deck planks do not end in a point which could be a weak point.
Knee - A short L shaped piece of wood that joins or strengthens boat parts that meet at about 60 to 120 degrees. It may be a natural crook (e.g. apple,oak,pohutukawa)or sawn from a larger length of timber or laminated in a wooden vessel. Commonly seen on thwarts to join topsides or keelsons to join transoms. A hanging knee fits upside down e.g. underneath a thwart rather than on top. Hanging knees often support carlins where a full frame would be inconvenient.
Mast step - A socket, often strengthened, to take the downward thrust of the mast and hold it in position. May be on the keel or on the deck in smaller craft.
Oar A wooden pole flattened at the outboard end so it grips the water when pulled. Oars are normally used in pairs to propel a rowboat forward. Differs from a paddle by being longer and gaining leverage by passing through a rowlock which acts as a fulcrum to prodice forward motion. Modern oars are often made from plastic or hollow carbon fibre in racing oars. A single oar can be leveraged against a U shape notch in the stern of a row boat to scull. The sculler stands and moves the oar in a sideways motion to produce forward motion in calm waters. A balanced oar is one that has weight added (either by extra wood or lead inside the handle)to the inboard end to balance the additional outboard length. In a rowing dinghy with 7–8 feet oars the balance point is about 12 inches outboard of the rowlocks.
Ratlines (sometimes ratlins) - Groups of side stays on a square rigged ship that have horizontal lines placed for feet, enabling crew to rapidly ascend to the yards.
Rib - A thin strip of pliable timber laid athwartwise inside the hull,from inwhale to inwhale, at regular close intervals to strengthen the exterior planking. The rib is often steamed to increase flexibility. The rib is traditionally fixed to the planking by rivets or copper nails bent over on the inside. This method is still used in small clinker built dinghies and similar craft. Ribs are attached after the planking is constructed. Ribs differ from frames or futtocks in being far smaller dimensions and bent in place compared to frames or futtocks which are normally sawn to shape, or natural crooks that are shaped to fit with an adze, axe or chisel.
Rowlock - Pronounced Rolick. A 'U' shaped metal device that secures an oar and acts as a fulcrum during the motion of rowing. Sometimes called an oarlock in the USA. The Rowlock is attached with a swivelling pin to the gunwhale in a row boat. Commonly made from galvanized steel,bronze or plastic. Before the availability of metal the oar was normally levered against 2 wooden pins called Thole pins inserted in the gunwhale. Tholepins are still used in some third world nations. In a narrow row boat the rowlocks are held well outboard in a lightweight outrigger(rigger) which is often equipped with a locking pin to hold the oar securely.
Rudder - A steering device usually at the rear of the hull created by a turnable blade on a vertical axis
Scuppers - Gaps in the bulwarks which enables sea or rain water to flow off the deck.
Sheer - The generally curved shape of the top of the hull when viewed in profile. The sheer is traditionally lowest amidships to maximize freeboard at the ends of the hull. Sheer can be reverse, higher in the middle to maximize space inside, or straight or a combination of shapes.
Sensor - A small electronic component which can be embedded in a hull skin, keel, rudder, mast, oar or sail of a very-high-performance craft to measure the laminar flow of air or water. Pioneered in New Zealand using technology from Formula 1 racing. Now used in rowing skiffs or racing oars to determine forces such as bending load and optimum angle of attack of the blade. Larger craft such as America Cup boats have readout displays on board so minute changes in sail angle can be related to speed and then duplicated at a later date.
Sheet - A rope used to control the position of a sail e.g.the main sheet controls the position of the main sail.
Skeg - A long tapering piece of timber fixed to the underside of a keel near the stern in a small boat to aid directional stability, especially in a kayak or rowboat.
Spar - A length of timber, alluminium, steel or carbon fibre of approximately round or pear shape that is used to support sails. Such as a mast,boom,gaff,yard,bowsprit,prod,boomkin,pole,dolphin striker .
Spring - The amount of curvature in the keel from bow to stern when viewed side on. The modern trend is to have less spring in order to have less distubance to water flow at higher speeds to aid planing.
Stanchions - A series of narrow but strong posts, often made of marine grade stainless steel, designed to hold life lines around the outer edge of a deck. Stanchions are often attached to both the deck and a toe rail or bulwark for added strength.
Stays/shrouds - Standing or running rigging which hold a spar in position e.g. sidestay, forestay, backstay. Formerly made of rope, these days usually stainless steel wire.
Stem - A continuation of the keel upwards at the front of the hull
Stern - The back of the boat
Stern sheets a flat area or deck, inboard of the transom in a small boat. It may contain hatches to access below decks or provide storage on deck for life saving equipment.
Strake - A strip of material running longitudinally along the vessel's side, bilge or bottom. Sometimes called a stringer.
Thwart - A seat, usually transverse, that is used to maintain the shape of the topsides in a small boat.
Tiller- A handle made of wood,steel or Carbon fibre that is attached to the top of a rudder,often via a post, which enables the helmsman to steer the boat.
Tiller extension-A long, lightweight handle attached to the forward end of the tiller which enables the helmsman to steer from a position from the sidedeck or outboard of a sidedeck on a high performance yacht.For example from a trapeze.
Toe rail - A upright longitudinal strip of timber fastened to the foredeck near the sheer. It is placed so that crew working on the foredeck can brace their toe or foot against it especially when the boat is heeled.
Topsides - The side planking of a boat from the waterline to the sheer.
Transom - A wide, flat or slightly curved, sometimes vertical board at the rear of the hull, which, on small power boats, is often designed to carry an outboard motor. Transoms increase width and also buoyancy at the stern. On outboard boats the stern is often the widest point to provide displacemewnt to carry a large outboard and to resist the initial downward thrust of a planning craft. Sometimes the term tuck is used in a sail boat.
Critiques | Translate
lousat (64127) 2013-10-14 9:06
Ciao Costantino,il taglio della foto è delizioso,cosi' come la pulizia dei dettagli e la perfezione dei colori,magnifica cattura alla ricerca dei particolari e dei riflessi molto brillanti! Complimenti e buona serata,Luciano
Gigidusud (10200) 2013-10-14 9:51
Une jolie composition de pêche avec un bon cadrage et de superbe reflets. Bravo!
Cricri (92167) 2013-10-14 10:17
Bon cadrage serré avec l'inclusion des reflets, des détails et des couleurs bien rendue par une très belle lumière, un tout qui fait une très belle réalisation
cornejo (22496) 2013-10-14 10:36
Hello Costantino, very good picture of this beautiful and interesting composition, very well captured in this beautiful image with good sharpness, nice color and light. Excellent and beautiful work well done, congratulations my friend. Thanks for sharing this interesting work.
Good afternoon and happy week.
Warm greetings from southern Spain.
krzychu30 (12651) 2013-10-14 10:45
lovely maritime scene!
Especially the reflections add so fabulous mood to the scene.But also your well considered framing and the vivid and contrasting boats make the composition so interesting.
siudzi (27707) 2013-10-14 13:37
Very well taken capture of this colorful scene. Like the way you built the composition with a really good cropping and superb level of details and sharpness. Great work! Thanks for sharing.
dkmurphys (42483) 2013-10-14 22:38
Amazing detail from the port. The colors and the reflections are fantastic! Well taken, enjoy a good day.
jhm (127955) 2013-10-15 2:46
We get as gift a half book text, this is good done.
A nice detailed picture with very lovely reflections.
Your picture is made with a lot quality and sharpness.
Very well done, TFS.
Sergiom (45398) 2013-10-15 5:12
Une photo typique de cette région du monde mais toujours aussi agréable à regarder. La lumière fait briller les couleurs et les reflets sont magnifiques.
rychem (13628) 2013-10-15 8:54
The reflections are really fantastic, they create a kind of impressionism in this part of the photo, very nice scene, excellent light and sharpness
abmdsudi (32471) 2013-10-15 22:12
This looks great with all the quivering reflections. A wonderful wiggly and the reality to anchor to eye with so many little bits of interest held within as well. This is rather cleverly observed piece which in many ways is quite patriotic without it being in your face. Composition, colours, all working together clinching this is quite simply gorgeous. Well done, Congrats
macjake (45588) 2013-10-17 22:27
now thats a sweet water reflection!
I really like how its shaped itself into the water, with very large curves and large S shapes.
and the coloring is superb too.
lovely photo all around
ourania (18616) 2013-10-21 10:06
μια υπέροχη εικόνα που είναι τόσο φωτογραφία όσο και πίνακας ζωγραφικής. Είναι μια καλλιτεχνική γραφιστική απεικόνιση ενός αγαπημένου θέματος. Το φως, τα χρώματα και οι σκιές που πέτυχες να αποτυπώσεις στη φωτογραφία προσφέρουν εκπληκτικούς συνδυασμούς και αντιθέσεις αλλά και δημιουργούν μια ενδιαφέρουσα ένταση και αίσθηση απαλής κίνησης. Θαυμάσια εικόνα, συγχαρητήρια και ευχαριστώ!
Να είσαι καλά, καλό σου βράδυ,
subhendu_bagchi (21024) 2013-10-23 2:04
namaste, a beautiful minimal composition here. Great light and excellent colour tone. Love the reflection in water... Superb work. Tfs.