From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The flag of Greece (popularly referred to as the galanolefki or the kianolefki, the "blue-white") is based on nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white. There is a blue canton in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white cross; the cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion of the people of Greece and Greek Cypriots. According to popular tradition, the nine stripes represent the nine syllables of the phrase "Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος" ("Freedom or Death", " E-lef-the-ri-a i Tha-na-tos"), the five blue stripes for the syllables "Έλευθερία" and the four white stripes "ή Θάνατος". The nine stripes are also said to represent the letters of the word "freedom" (Greek: Ελευθερία). There is also a different theory, that the nine stripes symbolize the nine Muses, the goddesses of art and civilization (nine has traditionally been one of the numbers of reference for the Greeks). The official flag ratio is 2:3.
The blazon of the flag is Azure, four bars Argent; on a canton of the field a Greek cross throughout of the second. The shade of blue used in the flag has varied throughout its history, from light blue to dark blue, the latter being increasingly used since the late 1960s.
The above patterns were officially adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus on 13 January 1822. Blue and white have many interpretations, symbolizing the colours of the famed Greek sky and sea (combined with the white clouds and waves), traditional colours of Greek clothes in the islands and the mainland.
The origins of today's national flag with its cross-and-stripe pattern are a matter of debate. Every part of it, including the blue and white colours (see below), the cross, as well as the stripe arrangement can be connected to very old historical elements; however it is difficult to establish "continuity", especially as there is no record of the exact reasoning behind its official adoption in early 1822.
It has been suggested by some Greek historians that the current flag derived from an older design, the virtually identical flag of the powerful Cretan Kallergis family. This flag was based on their coat of arms, whose pattern is supposed to be derived from the standards of their claimed ancestor, Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus II Phocas (963–969 AD). This pattern (according to not easily verifiable descriptions) included nine stripes of alternating blue and white, as well as a cross, assumed to be placed on the upper left.
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bema (26179) 2010-09-08 11:44
a very good note here, explaining the story of the greek flag.. and a lso a very nice capture of the flag itself..
have a nice evening, warmest regards, Bernd
Selmik (2911) 2010-09-29 19:29
Dober vecer Vojko,
simple and great take. Good clarity and colours, nice matching framing, excellent notes about flag's history.
pajaran (41661) 2010-10-02 12:07
Dobro vece, pocele su hladne noci.
Mnogo dobar tekst i saznanje o Grckoj zastavi.
Dobar rad i fotografija, lepo je gledati zastavu i znati znacenje njenih simbola.
Prijatno vece i lepa noc.
Dober večer, so začeli hladno noč.
Veliko dobrih besedil in poznavanje zastavo Grčije.
Dobro delo in fotografijo, to je lepo videti zastavo in se zavedajo pomena njene simbole.
Prijeten večer in lepo noč.
danos (78056) 2010-10-21 0:35
Good morning Vojko,
nice presentation of the Greek symbol,the galanolefki.I like the POV and the way that is outlined against the blue sky.
Have a good day,Danos