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The architecture of Monemvasia counts on a rich legacy that comes from its glorious past. In fact, Monemvasia itself is actually a medieval fortress with an adjacent town. Its ruins include several constructions, such as parts of this fortress, remaining walls, guardhouses, and towers. In addition, it has a total of 40 churches to admire.

Most of these churches are Byzantine, and can be found scattered along the narrow streets of this beautiful town. Some of them combine also Venetian and Byzantine elements, such as the one of Agios Nikolaos and Panagia Myrtidiotissa, also known as ‘Panagia Ktitikia’.

There is another important church, the one of Panagia Hrisafitissa, around which many folk-stories have been based on.

The churches of Agios Dimitrios, Agia Anna, Agios Andreas and Agios Stefanos also worth the visit. However, the most impressive architecture example of Monemvasia is maybe the church of Agia Sofia, found on the eastern tip of the rock where Monemvasia stands.

Although Agia Sofia belongs to the 12th century and was built by the Emperor Andronicos, it became a cathedral during the Venetian domain, after which it was used as a mosque during Turkish rule.
In this period, its wall paintings were covered with lime, in spite of which the building has
managed to keep its original charm and magnificence. In fact, its interior remains impressive, and still has some great wall paintings. This church also provides amazing views towards the sea.

Another important church, because of its imposing size is the one of Elkomenos Hristos, which is actually the cathedral of this town. It dates from the 13th century, and was built by the Emperor Andronicos II Paleologus.

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Additional Photos by Georgios Topas (TopGeo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4051 W: 94 N: 8454] (38192)
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