This ancient capital, (maybe of Corinthian order) is being exhibited in the Archeological Museum of Ancient Olympia.
I have no more details for this exquisite item, but I think it conveys the sheer artistry and craftsmanship of ancient Greek sculptors, architects and artisans.
In architecture, the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") forms the topmost member of a column (or pilaster).
It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface.
The capital, projecting on each side as it rises to support the abacus, joins the usually square abacus and the usually circular shaft of the column.
The capital may be convex, as in the Doric order, concave, as in the inverted bell of the Corinthian order, or scrolling out, as in the Ionic order.
These form the three principal types on which all capitals are based.
From the highly visible position it occupies in all colonnaded monumental buildings, the capital is often selected for ornamentation and is often the clearest indicator of the architectural order.
The treatment of its detail may be an indication of the building's date.
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