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LA FORTERESSE PALAMEDE

Nauplie (Náfplio) est une ville grecque, dans le Péloponnèse.
Capitale de l’Argolide, siège d’un évêché, située en bord de mer, c'est une cité historique et touristique qui compte (2001) 13 822 habitants. La ville est installée sur le versant nord de la presqu'île d’Itch-Kalé (85 m) ou Acronauplie. Elle est dominée par le rocher Palamède (ou Palamidi) (286 m), qui surveille la plaine de l'Argolide et de Lerne.
Occupée successivement par les « Francs », les Vénitiens et les Turcs, qui y ont laissé leur empreinte, la ville est dominée par deux forteresses: Acronauplie et Palamède. Elle a été la seconde capitale de l'État grec libre (1828-1834), après Égine. L'entrée du port est gardée par la forteresse Bourdzi, de style vénitien. Wikipedia

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PALAMIDI CASTLE
The Acronauplia has walls dating from pre-classical times. Subsequently, Byzantines, Franks, Venetians, and Ottomans added to the fortifications. Nafplion was taken in 1212 by the French crusaders of the Principality of Achaea, then in 1388 was sold to the Venetians. During the subsequent 150 years, the lower city was expanded and fortified, and new fortifications added to Acronauplia. [4] The city was surrendered to the Ottomans in 1540. Ottomans renamed her as "Mora Yenis,ehri" ("New City of Pelloponnes"). It was a sanjak centre during Ottoman rule. At that period, Nafplion looked very much like the 16th century image shown below to the right. The Venetians retook Nafplion in 1685, and strengthened the city by building the castle of Palamidi, which was in fact the last major construction of the Venetian empire overseas. However, only 80 soldiers were assigned to defend the city and it was easily retaken by the Ottomans in 1715.
Palamidi is a castle constructed by Venetians during the 17th century. It is located on a hill north of the old town. During the Greek War of Independence it played a major role. It has been captured by Staikos Staikopoulos on 31st November of 1821
Wikipedia

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Additional Photos by Jacques d'ABRIGEON (jafadabret) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6642 W: 716 N: 11874] (56501)
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