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Samos island

To 1821 επαναστάτησε και η Σάμος κατά των Τούρκων. Οι λίγοι Τούρκοι που υπήρχαν στο νησί πρόλαβαν και έφυγαν και παρά τις επανειλημμένες προσπάθειες του Τουρκικού στόλου να κατακτήσει το νησί, δεν το κατόρθωσε.

Μετά την ίδρυση του Ελληνικού κράτους το 1827, οι τότε δυνάμεις (Αγγλία, Γαλλία και Ρωσία) δεν συμπεριέλαβαν τη Σάμο σ' αυτό, αν και ήταν ελεύθερη.

Οι Σαμιώτες αντέδρασαν και το 1834 οι μεγάλες δυνάμεις τις έδωσαν μια μορφή αυτονομίας, Ηγεμονία, και την έθεσαν υπό την προστασία τους, με την υποχρέωση να πληρώνουν φόρο στην Τουρκία.

Με το καθεστώς αυτό έμεινε μέχρι το 1912 όπου και ενώθηκε με την Ελλάδα. Την περίοδο αυτή η Σάμος γνώρισε μεγάλη οικονομική άνθηση.

H φώτο ειναι απο την παρέλαση της 16-11-2008

From the evidence that has been found, derives that human beings have lived on Samos since the 3rd millenium BC, if not earlier. Its history, however, begins at the time of Polycrates, 6th century BC. Before that, history is vague and obscure, mythical folklore being the only existing reference.

In ancient times, Samos, although small, played a trully significant role in culture and politics, not only for the region of Ionia, but for the entire ancient Greece.

THE ANCIENT HISTORY

In the times of Polycrates, Samos became the center of the Ionian civilization. Various important monuments were constructed, such as the Eupalinion Tunnel, the temple of Hera, open-air theaters, as well as palaces, which Roman emperor Caligula tried to restore much later. In addition, Polycrates was the first to establish a library containing all significant texts produced by the human spirit up-till then.

His royal court used to be a spiritual center offering hospitality to the top intellectuals of the world of his time. He had created a very powerful navy and his fleet used to be the leading one in the Aegean Sea being comprised by fast war-ships called Samenas. According to Herodotus, the predominant city-states of the sea were three: Knossos of king Minos (15th century BC), Samos (6th century BC) and Athens (5th century BC). Therefore Polycrates had rendered Samos a leading city-state among the Greeks and the Barbarians. He was also the first who tried to unite all Greeks against the Persians.

Following Polycrates’ assasination in 522 BC, many wars took place and Samos was the focal point of the conflicts between the Greeks and the Persians. It was finally devastated by the Athenians under Pericles in 439 BC after a siege that lasted for several months.

In the time of Alexander the Great, and during the Roman period, no significant events took place that were important enough to be mentioned.

siamesa, jlbrthnn, tedesse, dip, paura, elendim, AiresSantos, gracious has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Costantino Topas (COSTANTINO) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6272 W: 22 N: 10671] (74020)
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