Studies suggest that the pinnacles were formed about 60 million years ago during the Paleogene Period.Weathering and earthquakes then shaped them into their present shape.
Beside the Pindos Mountains, at the western region of the Thessaly plain in the middle of northern Greece, these sandstone rocks rise from the ground. The rocks are composed of a mixture of sandstone and conglomerate. They were formed about 60 million years ago. A series of earth movements pushed the seabed upwards, creating a high plateau and causing many fault lines to appear in the thick layer of sandstone.
Cliffs of Meteora
Continuous weathering by water, wind and extremes of temperature turned them into huge rock pillars, marked by horizontal lines which geologists maintain were made by the waters of a prehistoric sea. Greek historian Herodotus wrote in the 5th century BC that local people believed the plain of Thessaly had once been a sea. If this was accurate, there was most probably an inundation at the end of the last Ice Age, around 8000 BC. However, he failed to mention the rocks of Metéora and they are not recorded in the writings of other ancient Greek authors. This has led to the belief that the pinnacles did not exist 2000 years ago; a theory dismissed by modern geologists.
The cave of Theopetra is located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from Kalambaka. Its uniqueness from an archeological perspective is that in it contains, within a single site, the records of two greatly significant cultural transitions: The replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans, and the later transition from hunter-gathering to farming after the end of the last Ice Age. The cave consists of an immense 500 square metres (5,400 sq ft) rectangular chamber at the foot of a limestone hill, which rises to the northeast above the village of Theopetra, with an entrance 17 metres (56 ft) wide by 3 metres (9.8 ft) high. It lies at the foot of the Chasia mountain range, which forms the natural boundary between Thessaly and Macedonia prefectures, while the Lithaios River, a tributary of the Pineios River, flows in front of the cave. The small Lithaios River flowing literally on the doorsteps of the cave meant that cave dwellers had always easy access to fresh, clean water without the need to cover daily long distances to find it. Excavations and research and have discovered petrified diatoms, which have contributed to understanding the Palaeo-climate and climate changes. Radiocarbon dating evidences human presence dating back 50,000 years. The cave is open to the public.
Critiques | Translate
jcpix (13908) 2014-07-22 7:07
Good evening my friend,
Amazing site, these formations are beautiful. Nature sure can work magic to create such effects, and you've done a great job in putting them on display. Wow, 60 million years ago...how in the world can anyone put a number on that? I mean, it's not a redwood tree...they can't cut them down and count the rings inside?? :)
You caught this at a nice moment of light, giving a solid showing of detail and texture. I also like that you filled the frame with these "rocks," but still allowing for plenty of interest in the background as well. These would definitely fun to explore, and must be fun for rock climbers too. Take good care.
snunney (96721) 2014-07-22 7:15
Fantastic, these striated rock pinnacles. I like very much how you have captured in context. They stand out so well from the hazy background taking on an almost 3-D effect. Superb rendering of the textural detail.
holmertz (50774) 2014-07-22 11:37
These rocks are spectacularly shaped, not quite like anything else i have seen. Nature has also provided you with a fine POV from the same altitude which also provided a superb view of the surroundings.
Thank you for wasting a second smiley on that picture from Krakow.
mesutilgim (93978) 2014-07-22 12:06
Very nice capture from this amazing landscape of Meteora.
I had been there a few years ago and mad some nice captures as well but didn't have such a good light then.
The top of the foremost rock has a human face !
TFS and best regards
fritzi007 (10411) 2014-07-22 14:09
super Darstellung, wunderbare Perspektive und Farben, gratuliere dir herzlich!
photoray (13981) 2014-07-22 15:21
Meteora's rock pinnacles are attractive Nature temples, standing very tall and etched by erosion, surrounded by a forest of trees providing scale to these huge formations.
Thanks for sharing,
danos (96103) 2014-07-22 22:35
you are a very good representative of Greece when you upload this impressive photo from Meteora.Excellent the clarity,the light and the colour management of the fascinating cliffs that are in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
emka (94442) 2014-07-22 23:54
Fantastic view of Meteora. One of many famous places that i haven't see (yet, but probably it will remain so). Spectacular view. Magnificent presentation.
I left my passport, I hope to have it back with visa the next week. You can't imagine how I am already excited about the trip.
WArm regrad s MAlgo
resat1972 (7576) 2014-07-23 5:09
a beautiful natural landscape in different ways
A great photo
Fis2 (95503) 2014-07-23 8:06
A very curious place.
Stones make impression!
Good frame and super colors.
I like it.
NorthernLight (2383) 2014-07-23 8:34
once again I feel myself transported into a fantasy movie. This extraordinary natural scenery would sure give a fantastic place for it.
Greetings from the mosquito forest
jhm (150788) 2014-07-24 4:46
I am agree with Ray, Meteora's rock pinnacles are attractive nature temples
Nice depth and perspective picture.
Nice panorama view too.
Excellent composition, nice presentation, also pleasant of colours.
Very well done, TFS.
cornejo (40891) 2014-07-24 10:13
Hello Serghei, excellent photography of these beautiful rock formations of Meteora, very well composed and captured in this beautiful and interesting picture, with good sharpness, light, color and quality. Excellent job perfectly done, congratulations my friend. Thanks for sharing this beautiful work.
Good night and happy weekend.
Warm greetings from southern Spain.
delpeoples (57266) 2014-07-25 5:51
Wow, 60 million years. We are just a drop in the ocean of time, aren't we? Imagine the things these rocks have witnessed. The stories they could tell. This photo is superb. You have handled the light so exquisitely, I particularly like how it has illuminated the greenery in the foreground. Their textures, sharpness and colours are stunning. Wonderful shot of this unique and enchanting place.
eldancer1 (36343) 2014-07-25 6:36
Beautiful rock formation! The houses look so tiny compared to the rocks. Nicely captured with good lighting and sharp details. Very well done, tfs.
siudzi (34141) 2014-07-26 6:23
These rocks are really stunning with its fantastic formation, shapes and textures. Your presentation was carefully built and taken from a well selected POV and with beautiful natural colors.. Well done!
Have a nice afternoon!
dcole (281) 2014-07-26 10:09
Great composition and stunning location, wonderful photo!
Uhu (8567) 2014-07-26 14:40
Метеоры, да. Не поехал туда, ибо далеко. Хорошая фотка - ты все усовершенствуешься и усовершенствуешься! А я тем временем ездил в лагеря, понимаешь, беженцев. Однако фотки оттуда выставлять не буду, ибо политика и вообще, вроде как не стоит этакое выставлять. Привет! Войны, я так надеюсь, все же у нас не случится известно с кем.
ChrisJ (111632) 2014-08-04 3:33
I was lucky enough to visit Kastraki last year and this photo does it justice. Good sharpness and nice repetition of the weather sculpted rocks of gigantic size. Excellent sharpness and good sidelighting too. Tfs!
macjake (66604) 2014-08-04 12:58
when we were in Greece, we just couldn't make it here, not enough time i suppose.
for your shot here, the sky looks very hazy in the bg, yet the fg is very clear and sharp, well illuminated. The contrast levels are perfect.
love the look of the sleek stone.
mcmtanyel (21362) 2014-08-09 20:05
Very interesting geological formation rendered in a sharp and well managed photo with excellent DOF.
jmdias (62929) 2014-08-19 17:32
impressive image showing the famous mountains of this region. I liked the shapes shown here and watching this image we have an idea how large these mountains are. fantastic landscape, good job.
Didi (60586) 2014-11-09 9:50
Awesome view on these original rocks
An awesome natural sculpture thanks to the wind
Interesting lateral lights