In 1833, the uniform of the Evzones (as in all infantry companies of the line battalions) was in the much-maligned Bavarian style, complete with pants, tailcoats and shako, distinguished only by green braid and plumes. In 1837, a new uniform was created based on the traditional fustanella style worn by the klephts, armatoli, and many of the famous fighters of the Greek War of Independence. At first, it was only issued to the native light infantry battalions, but its popularity led to its adoption as the official uniform of the Evzones in 1867. After a few minor changes over the years, it became the familiar uniform seen today.
The basic elements of the uniform are:
The phareon, a scarlet garrison cap with a long black tassel, with the national emblem in the front.
A woolen foustanella kilt.
A cotton undershirt.
White woolen stockings.
Black-tasseled knee garters.
Red tsarouhi leather clogs with a black pompon.
A leather cartridge belt and a M1 Garand semi-automatic battle rifle, with bayonet.
The basic color of the winter uniform tunic is navy blue and closely resembles the service uniform worn until 1910, while the summer uniform tunic is light khaki, and similar in design to the field uniform adopted by the Evzone regiments after that date. The full-dress uniform, which derives from the traditional uniform of south-mainland Greece (Sterea Hellas), is worn on Sunday, on important national holidays, at the reception of foreign dignitaries and other special occasions. It has a white, bell-sleeved shirt and a white foustanella with 400 pleats (commemorating the 400 years of Ottoman occupation) with the addition of a fancy silver-brocade waistcoat. Members of the guard can also sometimes be seen in a royal blue and red uniform based on the traditional male costume of Crete, or in the black traditional habit once worn by the Pontic Greeks.
The officers are armed with a sabre instead of a rifle. Their full dress uniform is distinguished from that of enlisted men by being imperial purple with gold brocades instead of blue with silver brocades and by the substitution of buskins for the stockings. Their fustanella kilts are also longer, below the knee, as opposed to mid-thigh and their sleeve covers are worn on the arms instead of being fastened to the coat. Rank insignia are born on the phareon below the national emblem.
The phareon is similar to the fez adopted by the Ottomans which were the main enemies of the evzones.
The first King of Modern Greece, Otto wore this uniform often in public. Today, many Greek boys dress up as tsoliades on Greek Independence Day.
- Copyright: Assi Dvilanski (asival) (5299)
- Genre: People
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2010-10-24
- Categories: Ceremony
- Camera: Canon EOS 50D, Canon EF 100-400 f/4.5-5.6 IS USM
- Exposure: f/6.3, 1/2000 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-09-22 7:02