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Photographer's Note

Erfurt was first mentioned in 742 under the name of "Erphesfurt". It was an important trading town during the Middle Ages near a ford across the Gera river. Together with the other five Thuringian woad-towns of Gotha, Tennstedt, Arnstadt and Langensalza it was the centre of the German woad trade.

In 1349, during the wave of pogroms which followed the Black Plague across Europe, the Jews of Erfurt were rounded up, with more than 100 killed and the rest driven from the city. Recently, the medieval synagogue have been discovered beneath newer buildings, and are being restored until 2009.

In 1392, the University of Erfurt, where Martin Luther was matriculated, was founded, which was famous in its time, became defunct in 1816, and was refounded in 1994 by the Thuringian state parliament.

Erfurt became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1802, part of the First French Empire in 1806 as Principality of Erfurt, and was returned to Prussia in 1815 after the Napoleonic Wars. Although enclosed by Thuringian territory in the west, south and east, the city remained part of the Prussian Province of Saxony until 1944. The city was the site of the failed Erfurt Union of German states in 1850.

On April 12, 1945, Erfurt was taken by units of the U.S. Third Army under General George Patton. On July 3, American troops left the city and it was occupied by the Soviet Red Army. In contrast to most other major German cities, Erfurt suffered only limited damage from Allied air raids during the war. Erfurt fell in the Soviet Zone of occupation, which would later become East Germany.

After German reunification, Erfurt became the capital of the re-established state of Thuringia.

On April 26, 2002, the student Robert Steinhäuser killed thirteen teachers, two students, a police officer and himself at Erfurt's Gutenberg-Gymnasium school (see Erfurt massacre).

Excerpt from Wikipeda

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Mr Mr (redlegs109) (53)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2008-12-03
  • Categories: Event
  • Exposure: f/2.8, 1/8 seconds
  • Details: Tripod: Yes
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2009-01-27 15:37
Viewed: 1660
Points: 6
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