Château de Vincennes & The Sainte-Chapelle (on the right), Paris
The Château de Vincennes is a castle at the eastern edge of central Paris. It was used as a royal residence from the 12th century until the 18th century, when the king moved to the Versailles Palace.
The origin of the castle go back all the way to 1150 when Louis VII built a hunting lodge here which was soon expanded. The actual castle - originally a fortress - was built about a century later, including the impressive donjon. At 52 meters, it is still Europe's tallest Donjon. In 1410 the fortress was walled in by an enceinte no less than 1200 meters long, lined with 9 towers, originally up to 42 meters high.
By that time, construction of a chapel - modeled on the Sainte-Chapelle - was started. The chapel with magnificent stained glass windows was completed after a long 182 years, in 1552.
Founded in 1379, the Sainte-Chapelle (Holy Chapel), whose construction started just before the death of Charles V in 1380, was inaugurated only in 1552 under the reign of Henry II, after a long interruption of the building work starting at the beginning of 15th century. The Collège de Chanoines was set up in February 1380.
The Sainte-Chapelle of Vincennes was intended to house part of the relics of the Passion, like the chapel of the Palais de la Cité in Paris. Through the construction of the Sainte-Chapelle, Charles V wished to turn Vincennes into a second capital of the kingdom, alongside the Palais de la Cité in Paris. The traditional old Parisian palace remained but, at Vincennes, in an appropriate and grandiose setting boldly asserting the ideology of a triumphant monarchy through its quality, opulence and décor, a new capital was born.
The Sainte-Chapelle was built in keeping with the traditional plan of castle chapels: a single nave, a choir formed by a straight bay and a five-sided apse flanked by two oratories – one for the King and the other for the Queen.
An annex, on the north side, serves as the sacristy on the ground floor and treasure-house on the upper floor. The King's oratory is currently occupied by the tomb of the Duke of Enghien, who was judged at Vincennes and shot in the south moat of the castle in 1804.
The general elevation is very simple. Outside, above a basement, deep buttresses support large gabled windows. As a whole, the building has a slender silhouette which used to be further emphasised by a spire which rose above the second bay of the nave.
While the Louvre was their main residence, royals often sojourned at the Chateau de Vincennes. It was the site of many important occasions such as royal marriages and no less than three kings were born here. The king often resided in an apartment in the Donjon, especially during troubled times such as the religious wars and the 100 Year War.
During the 16th and 17th century the Vincennes castle continued to be expanded, with an emphasis on turning the fortress into a residential palace. During this period, several residential pavilions were added to the south of the Donjon and the royal court now often resided in Vincennes. This however changed in 1671, when King Louis XIV decided to move to the just completed Versailles Palace. The Louvre Palace in the center of Paris was abandoned a year later.
After the royals
When the chateau was abandoned by the royal family, it became the site of the Vincennes Porcelain factory and then served as a state prison, housing such infamous personalities as Diderot and the Marquis de Sade. Napoleon used it as an arsenal in 1840 it was in use as a military fortress. Most of the tall towers around the castle were leveled of during that period.
Today the Chateau de Vincennes is a museum. Its grounds can be freely accessed while the buildings can be visited on a guided tour. (Source: aviewoncities/paris)
Critiques | Translate
tedesse (25133) 2012-09-23 2:17
An interesting postcard from Paris.
Excellent POV, beautiful architecture, wonderful colors.
Have a nice Sunday
Highmountains (2592) 2012-09-23 2:18
As always - a very sharp and clear photograph. The two historical structures ahe been well captured in great detail. The silver white cloud hangigng in between, with a blue background is brilliant.
Like the POV and the light condition which helps with both the structures getting bright light. The sharpness if the images adds to the beauty of the photograph.
Goof appropriate framing and a very good note.
Thanks for sharing.
besnard (55105) 2012-09-23 2:41
Une bonne prise rapprochée du château qui nous permet de voir tous les détails de la pierre et l'importance du monument.
Amitiés et bon dimanche.
lousat (82604) 2012-09-23 2:55
Hi George,some difficulty whit the lens distorsions but it's impossible to make different,and i like your choice of this large view to see a lot of things in a single pic,great architechtures and the usual excellent quality.Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano.
snunney (89996) 2012-09-23 3:25
Good juxtaposition between the massive château and the chapel in the background. The sky, although evidently worked in pp, is very attractive. The image benefits from a pleasant ambient light and has good colours and sharpness. Have a pleasant and peaceful Sunday.
JFS (32459) 2012-09-23 3:50
I've never visited Château Vincennes and by you lovely shot it looks like fantastic, very interesting. good POV, as well!
Sergiom (67462) 2012-09-23 5:29
J'aime beaucoup la construction de cette image. La contre plongée et le plan large donne de l'ampleur au château. L'image est profonde et nette sous un ciel parfait.
carlo62 (38729) 2012-09-23 9:21
molto bello il POV e ben composta l'immagine, ottima la qualità sotto un bellissimo cielo.
jlbrthnn (76037) 2012-09-23 13:09
This fortress is still impressive. The picture describes dramatically. The quality is excellent, the sky is superb. Bravo.
Have a nice day
mauro61 (52699) 2012-09-23 13:19
castello e chiesa ben unite in questa inquadratura dalla buona definizione e dai colori molto naturali.
Luce gestita al top.
bukitgolfb301 (37728) 2012-09-23 17:05
Hi dear George
Another wonderful presentation again and again!
Great panfocus shot by usage of wide leans, distortion at the edge is comfortable. Comfortable but moderate color tone and color contarst are so tasteful. Thanks for your sharing with finest work and have a good start of new week!
Takero from Tokyo
jjcordier (79040) 2012-09-23 22:05
J'aime beaucoup la composition de ta photo et la lumière mais un peu moins l'aspect penché des bâtiments qui auraient mérité d'être redressés.
dkmurphys (52745) 2012-09-24 2:04
Nice POV to illustrate the impressive fortified walls. I like the textures and the architecture. Well taken.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-08-14
- Categories: Castles, Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/6.7, 1/125 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2012-09-23 2:09