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Photographer's Note

Hilarri (from Basque hil 'dead' and harri 'stone') is the name given to disk-shaped funerary steles that are typical of the Basque Country (here in Ainhoa).

These funerary steles present a disc-shaped head facing the rising sun on a trapezoidal stand. They belong to an old tradition throughout all of Europe (as far as North Africa), but today they are mainly found in the Basque Country.
Geometric symbols are regularly distributed on the disc within 4 or 8 circle sectors. The quarters are often delimited by a cross as an Occitan cross with , for each arm, 2 concavities delimited by 3 tips.Each sector is decorated with various small decorative symbols such as stars, moons, potent crosses or rosettes. They may be different in each sector.


Une stèle discoïdale est un monument funéraire particulièrement abondante dans les cimetières du Pays basque (ici à Ainhoa).
Elle est composée d'un disque de pierre circulaire qui surmonte un socle de forme trapézoïdale. Le disque est orné d'une croix basque (lauburu en basque, qui signifie « à quatre têtes »), de figures géométriques (symboles solaires par exemple) ou symboles chrétiens (IHS et Marie) mais aussi des virgules et des symboles végétaux (arbres). Le nom du défunt y est rarement mentionné mais quelquefois le nom de la famille y figure.
Les plus anciennes sont antérieures au XVIe siècle.

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Additional Photos by Jean Jacques Cordier (jjcordier) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6320 W: 241 N: 10852] (72602)
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