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The Bookmobile is it the first visible victim of the war between the giants of online information and editors?. Hopefully not! ...
A bookmobile is a vehicle equipped to serve library. Invented by the French Association of Librarians at the International Colonial Exhibition of 1931 system, its model is taken in 1934 by Henri Filipacchi and in 1938 by Henri Vendel, librarian at Chalons-en-Champagne to be the origin of the raw tours of the circulating library of the Marne, where it will serve 350 municipalities. This process will be repeated and widespread shortly after. In France, the libraries have long been the main instrument of departmental lending libraries (BDP).
In other countries, they exist overwhelmingly as substitutes for libraries built in hard and show the essential functions. It is then often 'cash' towed large, and can even deploy large areas by a system désemboitage whose drawers are supported by jacks. The English term 'mobile library' defines the majority use who knows a specific variant in France.
The principle of depositor funds bookmobile was renovated and reoriented in France from 1985. The generic term Shuttle was introduced by the County Library Saône-et-Loire to describe the use of a light commercial vehicle that operates a circuit to drop by and bring a case library. In 2005, more than a third of departments have implemented this practice with many variations on the frequency of service, vehicle size and content transported. This practice appears in general to complete the bookmobile service and the minimum case is a passage twice a year sandwiched between three passages bookmobile. More generally, the objective is the provision of specially requested documents (in France, it says 'reservations') by the municipal libraries won the title with the documents requested by other municipalities. The expression 'give' or 'win-win' is sometimes used to emphasize a spirit of sharing is required break with the local individualism that often does not take into account the aspect of operation network that wants to deploy the departmental library.
In some departments, the crossover frequency is high and applications are beginning to reach the tens of thousands.
The success of the service is closely related to the faculty appeared at the turn of the century to the entire catalog departmental consultation on the Internet with the possibility for local officials to register online reservations.
The shuttle also find particular application when they are used to make and resume batch document libraries heads intercommunal network. In this case, the shuttles are brought to be a substitute for libraries serving considered more expensive.
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bibliobus

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