The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddled iron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koechlin. Eiffel was assisted in the design by engineers Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin and architect Stephen Sauvestre. The risk of accident was great as, unlike modern skyscrapers, the tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms. However, because Eiffel took safety precautions, including the use of movable stagings, guard-rails and screens, only one man died. The tower was inaugurated on 31 March 1889, and opened on 6 May.
The tower was much criticised by the public when it was built, with many calling it an eyesore. Newspapers of the day were filled with angry letters from the arts community of Paris. One is quoted extensively in William Watson's US Government Printing Office publication of 1892 Paris Universal Exposition: Civil Engineering, Public Works, and Architecture: "And during twenty years we shall see, stretching over the entire city, still thrilling with the genius of so many centuries, we shall see stretching out like a black blot the odious shadow of the odious column built up of riveted iron plates." Signers of this letter included Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier, Charles Gounod, Charles Garnier, Jean-Léon Gérôme, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, and Alexandre Dumas.
Novelist Guy de Maupassant—who claimed to hate the tower—supposedly ate lunch in the Tower's restaurant every day. When asked why, he answered that it was the one place in Paris where one could not see the structure. Today, the Tower is widely considered to be a striking piece of structural art.
One of the great Hollywood movie clichés is that the view from a Parisian window always includes the tower. In reality, since zoning restrictions limit the height of most buildings in Paris to 7 stories, only a very few of the taller buildings have a clear view of the tower.
Eiffel had a permit for the tower to stand for 20 years; it was to be dismantled in 1909, when its ownership would revert to the City of Paris. The City had planned to tear it down (part of the original contest rules for designing a tower was that it could be easily demolished) but as the tower proved valuable for communication purposes, it was allowed to remain after the expiry of the permit. The military used it to dispatch Parisian taxis to the front line during the First Battle of the Marne.
Critiques | Translate
bema (26425) 2011-01-15 12:57
a great low pov to show us the beauty of this impressive building, fine to see here on TE, too..
have had a look at it at Facebook, too..
thanks for sharing, see you around, kalo vrady..
elenimahera (695) 2011-01-15 13:05
λες και το αλογακι του καρουζελ ειναι ετοιμο με ενα καλπασμο να πηδηξει στον πυργο του Αιφελ...εξαιρετικη γωνια ληψης ενος πολυφωτογραφημενου θεματος που κατεφερες να αναδειξεις με τον καλυτερο συνατο τροπο!!!Απλα συγχαρητηρια!!!
francio64 (39888) 2011-01-15 14:25
bella blue hour per questa spettacolare immagine della Torre Eiffel con un POV molto ricercarto e ben scelto, mostrando la Torre in un modo molto diverso dai soliti POV.
macondo (19483) 2011-01-15 21:19
Best wishes for this new year.
I love Paris too, but haven't looked up at the tower from this POV. Well chosen and composed for balance, and the exposure was terrific; it brings out the colour and gleaming details on the statue so well. Great blue hour creation, well done.
vasilpro (41309) 2011-01-16 0:09
Πολύ όμορφη σύνθεση από το Παρίσι από μια πολύ καλά διαλεγμένη γωνιά λήψης, ωραία χρώματα και εξαιρετική διαχείριση του φωτός.
Να περάσεις μια όμορφη Κυριακή, Βασίλης.
ngk (2413) 2011-01-16 1:36
Γεια σου Νίκο,
Εξαιρετικό κάδρο , υπέροχα χρώματα, εντυπωσιακός φωτισμός.
timecapturer (49288) 2011-01-16 5:12
love this uniquely composed shot of this well known and photographed landmark. Beautiful control of the light. Well seen and taken.
hispic (9652) 2011-01-16 18:55
A powerful composition that looks as if the white horse is running up La Tour Eiffel is truly amazing. Blue including much magenta conveys a gorgeous mood of Paris.
Best wishes, Hisashi
mariani_josep (1) 2011-01-16 23:59
Very careful angle. Good timing, the sky still in blue color,while the lamp already turn on.
Very sharp too
Morac (27723) 2011-01-26 10:22
Superbe et original angle de prise de vue
Nard (6972) 2011-01-29 3:36
I love Paris to. and I like this picture because the POV is realy well chosen and I live how, with the blue hour, the Eiffel tour stands out the sky.
jaywalker (16101) 2011-01-29 3:42
Hi Nick, A wonderfully composed photo, the low POV is out-standing showing the Eiffel tower stretching into that gorgeous deep blue sky & the statue shows some great colour & detail, a very very nice picture, kind regards Wilson.
savask (1891) 2011-02-19 9:35
I like the POV.
It gives a new perspective to Eiffel Tower. Nice time of day for shooting
- Copyright: NICK IFANTIS (ifanik) (21679)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2010-00-00
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Pentax K7, Tamron developing 10-24mm f/3.5-4.5
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Favorites continue... #2, Paris, la tour eiffel, PARIS 2010 [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2011-01-15 12:44