The City of Helsinki is the capital of Finland. Facing the Baltic Sea, it commands busy transit on its pier, ferry boats and marina. Helsingfors is the city's official Swedish name, Helsinki is its Finnish. In local slang it is called Stadi, and Hesa in colloquial Finnish.
Helsinki covers numerous islands, peninsula and bays. The city center is on the southern part of Finland, and the rest extends to the small islands across the sea. The islands off the southern coast of Helsinki house a number of restaurants connected with yacht clubs, including NJK, Klippan, Särkänlinna, Uunisaari, Boathouse and Saari. These island restaurants are unique summer treasures where visitors can spend long evenings enjoying great food and spectacular scenery.
A short history of Helsinki
At the command of Gustavus Wasa, the King of Sweden, Helsinki was built at the mouth of the River Vantaa in 1550. The King ordered the burghers from Rauma, Ulvila, Porvoo and Tammisaari to move to Helsinki. The new town was supposed to compete for Russian trade with the town of Tallinn on the opposite shore of the Gulf of Finland.
For a long time, Helsinki grew very slowly. In the hope of attaining a better harbour, Helsinki was relocated further south to its current location by the open sea in the mid-17th century.
In the 18th century, Helsinki had to face great ordeals: war, plague and famine. The Russians invaded Helsinki during the Greater Wrath lasting from 1713 to 1721, and again in 1742. Fortification of Helsinki became a priority of the Swedish defence policy.
In 1748, the construction of a sea fortress at Suomenlinna, which is among the largest in Europe, was begun. The fortress was then known as the Gibraltar of the North. The fortress is currently a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it received the Europa Nostra award in 2000.
As a result of a war between Sweden and Russia, Finland was annexed as an autonomous Grand Duchy of the Russian Empire. Helsinki was made the capital of the Grand Duchy in 1812, after which the historical Empire-style centre was built around Helsinki Cathedral. The country¿s only university was moved from Turku to Helsinki in 1827.
In the late 19th century, Helsinki grew rapidly and developed into a modern European city. Transport links important for an industrial town were created by building railroads to Hämeenlinna in 1862 and to St Petersburg in 1870. The population exceeded the 100,000-inhabitant mark at the beginning of the 20th century.
Finland became independent in 1917 and ever since Helsinki has been the capital of the Republic of Finland.
During the Second World War, Helsinki had to endure several large-scale bombings by the Soviet Union. The city survived these thanks to its efficient air defence.
After the war, large areas, even whole neighbouring municipalities, were annexed to Helsinki. Helsinki has grown into a continuously developing Nordic city with half a million inhabitants. (Source: Helsinki.fi & visithelsinki.fi)
Critiques | Translate
mesutilgim (96304) 2009-04-02 0:40
Good morning dear George, my neighbour again !
Your red boat competes with my black and white boat of today !
A capture with perfect pov and very nice vivid colors and good and usefull notes.
TFS and have a nice day.
robertosalguero (288) 2009-04-02 0:46
The cruise ship look huge in relation to the everything around it. Very nice shot showing this interesting place under good light. The colours seem sharp and overall is an interesting image and note. Thanks George :-)
mauro61 (52857) 2009-04-02 0:53
composizione stupenda ricca di elementi che riempiono l'inquadratuta, la nave poi e' uno spettacolo...
gentedilivello (3103) 2009-04-02 1:16
this large view is very pleasant. Colors and sharpnes are at the top. Perfect composition, balanced and well framed.
alibasarir (15580) 2009-04-02 3:14
özellikle kırmızı renk tonuna sahip geminin arka planda görünümü çok şık olmuş.renkler nefis ve ışık ile bakış açınız harika elinize sağlık.
snunney (103285) 2009-04-02 4:13
A fine capture of this lovely harbour. I like the juxtaposition between the ferry and the foreground yachts with the restaurant offering a nice diagonal line between the two. Colours, light and clarity are all very good.
ChrisJ (116676) 2009-04-02 4:32
The red stripe on the 'Viking Line' ship, contrasts nicely, against the blue sky. Well composed, with good layering & sharpness. Tfs!
jlbrthnn (76039) 2009-04-02 5:06
I like the design of the image starting from the marina and the horizon barred by the immense red hull. The boat bears a name very symbolic name. The light and the colors are perfect. Cheer.
Have a nice day
aadilj (18102) 2009-04-02 5:09
Another superb capture george with lovely freshness and hues. I like the composition and the balance. great shot indeed.
asajernigan (21427) 2009-04-02 6:17
This is a nicely composed shot of this harbor. The inclusion of the red ship add nice contrast to the blues of the scene. Your POV was great here. The lighting and colors are fine with nice sharpness and DOF.
danos (100876) 2009-04-02 7:05
nice the panoramic view of Helsinki's harbour,with the ferry anchored in the port.The place looks peaceful and the marina in the foreground complete the scene.Well done.
Have a nice afternoon,Danos
Gerrit (52099) 2009-04-02 7:52
Fine view over the harbour with that huge red cruise ship.
dareco (17134) 2009-04-02 12:26
Another beautiful picture from one of my favorite cities in the world. Good composition and color. TFS
TGULUMSER (13252) 2009-04-02 13:17
I admire the shots dealing with the sea. This is magnificent. The architecture is interesting,
paura (47186) 2009-04-02 16:40
Uma beleza de trabalho, com cores bem ajustadas e linda iluminação. O grande navio obviamente é o destaque.
hispic (9652) 2009-04-02 19:37
Beautiful capture of summer Helsinki, but it seems that the strong sharpness spoils the beauty of this scenery a little, it's a bit of a for such a good image. Puffy clouds floating in the sky are very nice, luminous and pleasant picture.
danyy (0) 2009-04-02 22:58
grâce à cette très bonne série de photos, on aura eu des vues d'une des capitales les moins exposées d'Europe mais ô combien jolie et surtout typique.
Je vois que le beau temps est souvent présent en Finlande et offre de jolis ciels et des lumières parfaites
All the best.
rey316 (24) 2009-04-02 23:09
I love this composition. Good color and detail.
Have a good day
Graal (103036) 2009-04-02 23:10
Jó napot George,
another interesting place in of Helsinki. Nice view on the boats and big passenger ship. Well photojob and reportage. I like it.
AiresSantos (56155) 2009-04-03 0:31
Wonderful colour and excellent sharpness in this fine picture. Very well managed the light
Have a nice weekend
TopGeo (38216) 2009-04-03 4:36
Ciao George Excellent POV Superb view A fine capture of this lovely harbour.Perfect the composition with the red stripe on the 'Viking Line' ship and the balance right side an excellent building and sails boats. Nice prospect by sea as depth in sky and frame this great shot indeed.
TFS and have a nice day.
amaryllis (37039) 2009-04-03 4:58
la Finlande est un beau pays, on peut le voir avec tes photos et celle-ci avec ce paquebot croisière où il doit être agréable de prendre le large, et la marina
de beaux petits bateaux également à quai, une luminosité et netteté remarquables
Bluejeans (64251) 2009-04-05 16:19
Lindo ponto de visão sobre este porto o navio deve ser gigante em comparação com a casa, muito bonitas as cores vivas , bom enquadramento da foto , gostei muito dos detalhes, parabéns!!
Um abraço Gonçalo
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2005-08-09
- Categories: Daily Life, Nature, Transportation, Architecture
- Camera: Canon Ixus 50
- Exposure: f/5.6, 1/1000 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Discovery of Helsinki [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2009-04-02 0:37