Tallinn (recent historical name: Reval) is the capital city and main seaport of Estonia. It is located on Estonia's north coast to the Baltic Sea, 80 kilometres south of Helsinki.
In 1154 Tallinn was marked on the world map of the Arab cartographer al-Idrisi.
As an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population. Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia started in 1219.
In 1285 the city became the northernmost member of the Hanseatic League - a mercantile and military alliance of German-dominated cities in Northern Europe. The Danes sold Tallinn along with their other land possessions in northern Estonia to the Teutonic Order in 1345. Medieval Tallinn enjoyed a strategic position at the crossroads of trade between Western and Northern Europe and Russia. The city, with a population of 8,000, was very well fortified with city walls and 66 defence towers.
With the start of the reformation the German influence became even stronger. In 1561 Tallinn became a dominion of Sweden.
During the Great Northern War the Swedish troops based in Tallinn capitulated to Imperial Russia in 1710, but the local Baltic German rulers retained their cultural and economical autonomy within Tsarist Russia. The 19th century brought industrialization of the city and the port kept its importance. During the last decades of the century Russification became stronger.
On 24 February 1918 the Independence Manifesto was proclaimed in Tallinn, followed by German occupation and a war of independence with Russia. On 2 February 1920 the Tartu Peace Treaty was signed with Soviet Russia, wherein Russia acknowledged the independence of the Estonian Republic. Tallinn became the capital of the independent Estonia. After World War II started Estonia was annexed by the USSR as a result of coup with help of the Red Army in 1940-41, and later invaded by Nazi Germany in 1941-44. After Nazi retreat in 1944 it was restored as part of the USSR again. After the annexion into the Soviet Union, Tallinn became the capital of the Estonian SSR.
In August 1991 an independent democratic Estonian state was re-established and a period of quick development to a modern European capital ensued.
Historically, the city has been attacked, sacked, razed and pillaged on numerous occasions. Although extensively bombed by Soviet air forces during the latter stages of World War II, much of the medieval Old Town still retains its charm. The Tallinn Old Town (including Toompea) became a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site in 1997.
Critiques | Translate
serp2000 (45536) 2006-10-01 12:57
Hello George, nice foto. Typical north european city, the same buildings, the same colours. I would like to visit Baltic countries in order to see it.
Regards from Ural
danyy (0) 2006-10-01 13:29
ls couleurs sont fantastiques, tu as su restituer le charme qu'on imaginé les gens en peignant de la sorte leurs façades.
Le cadrage est super avec l'inclusion judicieuse de cette enseigne.
Excellente exposition, lumières parfaites.
pablominto (53746) 2006-10-01 13:57
Interesting back street image!
I find some similarities here with your fine series from Gamla Stan in Stockholm, and after all it is only some sea between the two cities...
Good point of view here, resulting in a fine composition!
The sign provides foreground interest, this time in top of the frame...
emjleclercq (15780) 2006-10-01 15:46
Nice composition, with a beautifull old shop sign. I like the diagonal point of view of the street. Very nice colors, but the sky seems to have a bit grey that day.
All the best,
Pjulin (400) 2006-10-01 18:40
I like the colors, but i think the sign is too big in the foreground... then again i do like the sign as it brings interest. Seems like today i can't make up my mind.
Thanks for sharing
Click3 (1886) 2006-10-01 23:09
Hola George...very cosy/moody capture...great POV /perspective, colours & detail. Inviting !
Great work...saludos, Robert
dorte_s_t (2287) 2006-10-02 2:31
HI , George .
Very interesting note to go with this colourful and well composed photo !
The strict lines set out the wheel on top .
Does this wheel tell a story ?
carper (96) 2006-10-02 2:35
Not your best one, but even nice enough to place here on TE.
nice colours and good details,nice composition, good job.
TeresaT (10806) 2006-10-02 14:32
Beauitful and very colourful composition.
The white windows really contrast with the orange and yellow tones of the walls.
And of course the inclusion of this iron weel increases even more the quality of the compostion.
TheMystic (912) 2006-10-03 2:38
The people there have a great sense of color combinations, and you are taking advantage of it in your pics with great angles and perspective.
AiresSantos (56155) 2006-10-03 2:48
Good composition with fantastic colours and definition.
I like the POV and your note.
TFS and greetings,
berek (50506) 2006-10-03 6:12
nice narrow street again . nice colors and details my friend. I like your POV have a nice day.
MOV -> :-))
clnaef (6289) 2006-10-03 7:56
Voilà une ville qui me paraît charmante.
jemaflor (102213) 2006-10-03 12:30
Well seen these different colours on a same shot, well composed too.
Wanda1 (15142) 2006-10-03 15:05
I like the colours and the sign in this shot. Nice POV.
Hanssie (10886) 2006-10-03 15:56
A city of colours and you show this in a beautiful way with the sign above, nice done, George !
prezntime (3946) 2006-10-03 23:12
Another very nice shot from Tallinn. i love the colorful buildings and the use of the hanging sign to add interest to the high foreground was a good thought. It is an interesting design. There is some nice geometry in your shot with the windows and the x's in the masonry to the left.
Very well done,
alana (2625) 2006-10-09 22:14
Great geometry, fantastic colors and light, excellent foreground with the sign. Very well done
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2005-07-10
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Canon Ixus 50, Canon Zoom Lens x3 5.8-17.4mm 1:2.8-4.9
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Colours from Europe, Tallinn, The picturesque medieval city [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2006-10-01 12:35