Znojmo, one of the most significant towns on the Czech-Austrian border, is found on the rocky headland above the Dyje River in an area, where the river leaves deep valleys with forests and begins its journey through the lowlands. In 1226 Premyslid Otakar I promoted it to a town and soon the town blossomed. It was surrounded by a fortification wall, from which the larger part is still preserved.
After a devastating fire the whole town was reconstructed in Renaissance style, and was declared to be an urban preservation zone. It boasts a number of significant historic sights – e.g. the Rotunda of the Virgin Mary and St. Catherine, reminding us of the oldest Czech state, and according to experts it is the 2nd most significant monument in the country after Prague Castle. Perhaps the most famous building is the Town Hall Tower, offering a view over entire Znojmo, with the dominant church of St. Nicholas, patron of Znojmo. Znojmo is famous thanks to its accessible underground, connected with many legends. To get familiar with the history of the royal town Znojmo would take a lot of time, but even a short stroll will reveal some of the thousand-year long history of this South-Moravian jewel.
Town Hall Tower:
The tower is 68.6 m high and was built during the years 1445 - 1448 by Mikulas of Sedlesovice. Its distinctive, atypical construction has made it an impressive symbol of this place. The tower is gothic in style. It was damaged during the war (1945), and the last major renovation was finished in 1951.