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ROZMBERK CASTLE

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Rožmberk nad Vltavou is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech republic. It has around 330 inhabitants. The village is most known for the nearby Rožmberk Castle. Rožmberk, one of the oldest castles in South Bohemia was built by the Family of Vítek around the mid 13th century, lies on the banks of the Vltava river. It developed on a trade route from Česky Krumlov to Linz in Austria.
The medieval disposition of the castle consisted of the Lower and Upper Castle. In 1522 the Upper Castle burnt down completely with the exception of the freely standing defence tower, Jakobínka. An extensive reconstruction rebuilt in 1556 had decorated the facades of the Lower Castle in the Renaissance style. While owned by the Bohemian aristocratic House of Rožmberk, it obtained township rights and grew in wealth.
The last Rožmberk owner had the interiors festively decorated. In 1620 the town became property of Karel Bonaventura Buquoy. As late as the years 1840-1857 a reconstruction in spirit of the romantic Gothic style was carried out. The castle was to become a worthy monument of the Buquoy family’s glory. The present-day sightseeing route acquaints visitors with the oldest members of the Buquoy family. The last Rožmberks and the White Lady, who appeares in this castle, are mentioned too.
Apart from the famous castle visitors can see church of St. Nikolaus (first mentioned in 1271, rebuilt in the Gothic style in the second half of the 15th century), in the central square the townhouses from the 17th-18th centuries with interesting, the new castle, which is used nowadays as accommodation unit, old and new Jewish cemetery and Chapel of Saint Ann.

WHAT TO SEE


The Rožmberk castle
Address:
Hrad Rožmberk 382 18 Rožmberk nad Vltavou
Telefon: +420 380 749 838, Fax: +420 380 749 802, +420 380 749 813
Contact: Mr Jaroslav Čása
Email: hradrozmberk@ck.gin.cz
WWW: The Romzberk Castle website
Opening hours:
April – October: Saturdays and Sundays only 9.00 – 16.00
May – September: Every day except Monday 9.00 – 16.00
June - July – August: Every day except Monday 9.00 – 16.00
In summer months (July, August) is possible to phone-reserve night tours (White Lady, historic persons, Master Ketch ...) .
Services on offer:
historical sightseeing
gallery of contemporary arts
gallery of exhibitions from the deposit collections
souvenir shop, information centre of local tourism, metal pieces of craftsmanship, maps, promotional materials
local service centre (accommodation, restaurants, camping, boat rent, horse ridding, etc.)
letting of a training room for 26 students, appropriate equipment, video, TV, flip chart, flash-back projector, a buffet possible, arrange for catering
functions from May until September in the castle interior as well as concerts for exclusive groups, performances of fencing groups on the castle yard
refreshments in the gallery
extra sightseeing with expert exposition for those of serious interest, including films about the Český Krumlov region.

More information:
the Rožmberk castle is composed of the remains of the Upper castle founded in the 13th century -of which the Gothic tower called Jakobínka is preserved until today - and of the Lower castle that was built in the 14th century and later in the 16th, 17th and 19th centuries it was rebuilt. The tower Jakobínka has circular design and it ends with corbels that originally supported the wainscoted ceiling. The roof was replaced by a walled cover. In 1522 the Upper castle burnt down and it was never again been reconstructed. In 1556 the Lower castle was reconstructed in the Renaissance style. In 1600 Jan Zrinský of Seryn who was the nephew of Peter Wok von Rosenberg received the Rožmberk castle. The new owner ordered great changes of the interiors in the Manneristic style. Painted decorations in the Knight's hall and the contiguous Music niche are especially famous. The Gothic castle was changed into a presentable residence in the Renaissance style. Other significant changes were made between 1840 - 1857 at the time of Jan Jiří Buquoy, who was influenced by Romanticism and who rebuilt the Rožmberk castle in the Neo-Gothic style as a family museum of the Buquoys. During the 19th century the new residential and farm houses were built that were situated approximately on the place of the original Upper castle. At that time the Crusaders' gallery was founded and the new entrance stairs and interiors were furnished with historic furniture. Since then the Lower castle was used only for representative purposes and the newly built residence with out-buildings and an English park, which was situated approximately on the place of the original Upper castle, was used to live in.
Nowadays the Lower castle is open to the public and it is composed of the two-floor building of irregular character with a closed oblong shaped courtyard. The original palace is situated on the south side, the north side is composed of a long Crusaders' gallery, on the eastern entrance side there is the transversal wing with the needle-like tower ending with the Neo-Gothic crenellation. This tower dominates the whole castle. The inner and outside facades are not articulated and they are covered with graffito decorations. It is possible to enter the castle from the east side over a bridge with a deep moat.
Significant Architectural Features:
the painted panel ceiling in the Knight's hall, the Manneristic painted decorations of the Knight's hall, the Music niche and the castle chapel.
Tales and legends:
As with the other castles and chateaux owned by the Rosenbergs, the White Lady appears in Rožmberk castle and walks around the castle every night and announces coming events by the colour of her dress. The black clothing means something tragic, on the other hand the white colour brings good news. According to the legend she was seen last at the time of World War II when with her presence, she expressed her disagreement with the Nazi flag hanging on the tower. The inspiration for the White Lady is Perchta von Rosenberg (1429 - 1476) a daughter of Ulrich II. von Rosenberg who worried herself to death during her unhappy marriage.

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Additional Photos by Csaba Witz (csabagaba) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 591 W: 172 N: 1399] (6554)
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