The history of Zagreb dates as far back as 1094 when the Hungarian King Ladislaus founded a diocese. Alongside the bishop's see the canonical settlement Kaptol developed north of the Cathedral, as did the fortified settlement Gradec on the neighbouring hill. Today the latter is Zagreb's Upper Town (Gornji Grad) and is one of the best preserved urban nuclei in Croatia. Both settlements came under Tatar attack in 1242. As a sign of gratitude for offering him a safe haven from the Tatar the Croatian and Hungarian King Bela IV bestowed Gradec with a Golden Bull, which offered its citizens exemption from county rule and autonomy, as well as its own judicial system. According to legend, Bela left Gradec a cannon, under the condition that it be fired every day so that it did not rust. Since 1st January 1877 the cannon is fired from the Lotrščak Tower on Grič to mark midday.
The main square of the Gornji Grad is dominated by the Gothic church of St. Mark's. It was built at the end of the 14th and the beginning of the 15th century and a late Baroque bell tower was added later.
Fighting ensued between the Zagreb diocese and the free sovereign town of Gradec for land and mills. Sometimes also for political reasons. The term Zagreb was used for these two separate boroughs in the 16th century. Zagreb was then seen as the political centre and the capital of Croatia and Slavonia. In 1850 the town was united under its first mayor - Josip Kaufman.
was not until the 17th century and Nikola Frankopan that Zagreb was chosen as the seat of the Croatian viceroys in 1621. At the invitation of the Croatian Parliament the Jesuits came to Zagreb and built the first grammar school, the St. Catherine's Church and monastery. In 1669 they founded an academy where philosophy, theology and law were taught.
During the 17th and 18th centuries Zagreb was badly devastated by fire and the plague. In 1776 the royal council (government) moved from Varaždin to Zagreb and during the reign of Joseph II Zagreb became the headquarters of the Varaždin and Karlovac general command.
The first railway line to connect Zagreb with Zidani Most and Sisak was opened in 1862 and in 1863 Zagreb received a gasworks. The Zagreb waterworks was opened in 1878 and the first horse-drawn tramcar was used in 1891. The construction of the railway lines enabled the old suburbs to merge gradually into Donji Grad, characterized by a regular block pattern that prevails in Central European cities. This bustling core hosts many imposing buildings, monuments, and parks as well as a multitude of museums, theatres and cinemas. An electric power plant was erected in 1907 and development flourished 1880-1914 after the earthquake in Zagreb when the town received the characteristic layout it has today.
Working class quarters emerged between the railway and the Sava, whereas the construction of residential quarters on the hills of the southern slopes of Medvednica was completed between the two World Wars.
Critiques | Translate
asajernigan (20057) 2006-12-06 18:37
This photo has great color and lighting. I think it could be a little sharper. Your DOF seems to be a little shallow, if you raise your f-stop to f/11 or higher you can create a much more dramatic DOF. This would allow more sharpness on the monument and the buildings.
You still have a very nice photo here!
parbo (11092) 2006-12-06 18:54
Your frame is stunning till its thumbnail. I like your very informative note about history of Zagreb at least your colorful frame. Terra cotta colored roof tiles is creating splendid contrast with wonderful sky and statue adds great depth with its own square. Well protected buildings and statue are telling inhabitants are keeping very well their surrounding. Congratulations.
MIG13 (0) 2006-12-06 19:11
Hi, George! I've been to Zagreb some times many years ago and I remember the city as a not so colorful place... Your pic shows it renewed, in a very nice composition! Good note, as ever! TFS! Best regards! Miguel.
robertbartolome (270) 2006-12-06 19:32
A beautiful scenery George. The colors are wonderful. I love the sharpness and details. And your note is very informative.
Thanks for sharing.
Rosa_d_MonteLua (1506) 2006-12-06 20:53
Nice photo with fabulous colors, perfect sharpness, and a nice perspective. Good definition, too! The clouds are a very important element of this pleasant composition.
In WS I tried a B&W version, which I hope. you will like.
TFS and best regards,
sabyasachi1212 (19771) 2006-12-06 22:59
Beautiful red building lends a lot of colour to this composition.
With Greetings from India
izmirli (3933) 2006-12-07 0:00
merhaba dear george
beautiful light and lovely colours.very good composition.well done my friend.
carper (96) 2006-12-07 0:28
very nice shot George
the colours are nice and the contrast with the sky is very good, nice pov, very good image, good job.
pablominto (53744) 2006-12-07 2:34
The summer always looks so attractive in your images!
Sunshine and the beautiful sky, the elements are all there... This cityscape is well framed again, and presented in an attractive composition!
Good light gives fine colours of course, and I notice the red roofs!
ben4321 (9875) 2006-12-07 4:33
A well composed, bright and colourful shot, George. But that last point is the main problem that I have with this image; the colour. Of course it wasn't your fault, but everything just seems so clean, and the bright colours make it seem plasticky and a little unreal, almost like a theme park. I suppose this area of the city has undergone recent renovation and a clean-up. It seems to have stripped the soul and atmosphere from the place.
Maybe you could have tried to tone down the colours a bit, just to give it a bit more... "something".
It's just my taste, but I tend to prefer dirty, gritty and atmospheric urban scenes. Probably because I'm a miserable git.
Still, I like your shot, I just think it would be better with less saturated colours.
John_F_Kennedy (41980) 2006-12-07 8:17
Very beautiful colours, and of good details. Wonderful work. Like the coluds in contrast with the red roof.s
Wanda1 (14900) 2006-12-07 13:33
I like the colours here in particular the golden statues and the red rooves really stand out. Nicely composed and photographed.
paura (47166) 2006-12-07 14:06
Very nice colors on this photo. Excellent POV and composition to show this very beautiful place.
Angshu (54493) 2006-12-07 22:45
Interesting picture of the twon square with the red tiles very attractive. The statues do help the composition & also adds depth. An excellent note as always
capthaddock (28790) 2006-12-08 11:06
Hi George - it feels more like a small town than a capital city, I like the well saturated colours, the fresh paint job has brought out the beauty of the houses, which the parked vans try but fail to spoil.
Scharan (14144) 2006-12-08 20:56
Uma foto com cores e contraste incríveis George. Boa composição, gosto dos telhados vermelhos, lindinhos...parabéns!
kermit350 (9014) 2006-12-09 18:51
Hello George, There is a good balance between the light and the management of contrasts which confer on the image a good made photogenic, the framework is filled as well as returned well colors for a tonality in the colour which I appreciate Joli stereotype of this city at the very coloured houses and interesting l'architecture, I sincerely like also the statues yellow which do one recalls with the frontages of the buildings, ..........Hello George, Il y a un bon équilibre entre la lumière et la gestion des contrastes qui confèrent à l’image un bon rendu photogénique, le cadre est bien rempli ainsi que le rendu des couleurs pour une tonalité dans la teinte que j’apprécie
Joli cliché de cette ville aux maisons très colorées et à l'architecture intéressante, j’aime aussi les statues jaune qui font un rappelle avec les façades des bâtiments, bien amicalement
berek (32679) 2006-12-10 2:39
another cute city sense from Zagreb. very good colors and composition. have a nice Sunday
my overall evaluation -> ***
chanjits (4454) 2006-12-10 20:16
nice colorful shot dear and your note is very informative thanks for sharing.
rosaline (0) 2006-12-12 3:43
Beautiful colours of this sunlight square. The guilded statue is superb as it stands out glittering. I like the rich colour saturation and richness of the scene. Very well captured. The dof seems ok to me, no problem there.
TeresaT (10806) 2006-12-12 18:31
I like the saturated colours here specially the red of the roofs.
The golden statue is very well placed on the composition.
And the light is perfect.
prezntime (3946) 2006-12-13 22:33
Great colors George. Very bright and vibrant. The gold statue standing against the blue sky is a nice focal point. It looks like everybody here drives the same van, just in different colors. It is a good perspective, but again the colors are what stand out for me.
Dragonheart (8414) 2006-12-20 16:44
Great capture, the colours are vivid, good contrast. Nice composition.
Thanks for sharing
emjleclercq (15780) 2006-12-23 16:27
Very nice place with the column and the golden statues. I like the buildings in the background with their step and very colorful roofs, a little less the row of cars but it is niot very disturbing.
All the best,
robertosalguero (246) 2006-12-29 23:51
George how is it going? Good I hope. A very nice and clear picture. I just love to see the old towns of European cities and their plazas. Beautiful architecture and atmosphere of this place. Thanks for showing this picture and have a Happy New Year :-)
lakshmip1949 (19110) 2011-12-21 11:44
No new photo from you today. This is a superb shot with lovely colors. The blue sky is a nice color cotrast. Like the big monument with golden colored sculptures. Great atmosphere.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2006-05-15
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Canon Ixus 50, Canon Zoom Lens x3 5.8-17.4mm 1:2.8-4.9
- Photo Version: Original Version, Workshop
- Theme(s): Colours from Europe, Magnificent architectural memories from Europe [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2006-12-06 18:31