Bihać is a town and municipality on the Una River in the north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, center of the Una-Sana Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The town was first mentioned as early as 1260 as property of a church in Topusko, Croatia in a document by the Hungarian-Croatian king Bela IV, and became a free city in 1262. Bihać was the temporary capital of the Croatian Kingdom. It lost its civic status in the 14th century following dynastic struggles in the kingdom, and became a property of the Frankopan nobles. In the 16th century it passed under direct royal rule, when battles with the Ottoman Empire had begun. The town of Bihać, in the region of the same name, withstood the Ottoman attacks until it fell with the Bosnia sanjak (in 1592).
The Bihać fort would become the westernmost fort taken by the Ottoman army over a hundred years later, in 1592 under the Bosnian vizier Hasan-pasha Predojević, previous orthodox Bosnians - Valacchi (Vlah in Bosnian). The city was initially made the center of the Bihać sanjak, part of the Bosnian pashaluk. It was demoted in 1699 to become part of the sanjak of Bosnia, during the period of intense border wars between the Habsburg monarchy and the Ottoman Empire. In 1865 it became the center of its own sanjak, but this lasted only until 1878, when all of Bosnia was occupied by Austria-Hungary.
A period of peace followed, marked by the 1888 bringing down of the fortress walls that separated the inner city from the outskirts. The new government had several schools and civic facilities built, which boosted the city's growth. It remained prosperous after the establishment of Yugoslavia, the center of the western Bosnian region, though its growth was impaired by the Great Depression in the 1930s.
During World War II it served as headquarters for the liberation army of Josip Broz Tito, the seat of the first AVNOJ session in 1942 and the center of the anti-fascist resistance. As such, it became a target of the occupying powers and the Germans retook it in 1943 and held it until 1945 and their final defeat.
Bihać suffered the destruction of many buildings during the recent Bosnian War, when the area around the city was under siege by the Bosnian Serb forces for over three years, until the summer of 1995 when the siege was broken in the beginning of the Croats' Operation Storm conjoined with Bosnian forces under General Atif Dudakovic.
The city and the region are now becoming a viable tourist destination for its natural beauty. The Una river valley where Bihać is situated provides the best route from Zagreb to Dalmatia so the traffic position is also favorable. There's also a yearly regatta held on the Una, as well as the Bihać Summer theatrical event.
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Jeppo (17639) 2008-11-29 11:03
it is incredible how such a peaceful place could have witness some many bloodsheds....
thanks for the interesting note
Vasa (16732) 2008-11-29 11:21
negde su tu i moje stope iz nekada divnih vremena. Prelepa Una i ambijent vrlo su lepo predstavljeni tvojom slikom. Dođe želja da se zagazi bosom nogom. Vidim 20. jul ove godine. Pomalo iznenađen ovim izborom, ali i obradovan. Zato sam i odmah reagovao po otvaranju sajta. Primi mnogo pozdrava i prošetaj opet do Srbije.
ciakgiak (30403) 2008-11-29 13:49
l'acqua č molto definita e brillante, i verdi intensi e la composizione ottima. Che dire di piů?
Che ti auguro uno splendido week end.
Un caro saluto dal tuo amico Giorgio.
brano14 (2647) 2008-12-05 10:47
Ja nisam bio brz kao Branko, ali nikad nije kasno za pohvale za dobru fotografiju iz BiH, a usput i malo osveženje za oči usred ove zime.
Hvala i pozdrav!