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The flag of Bosnia and Herzegovinia (right) and the flag of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (left) are seen here in front of the building of the Government of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in downtown Sarajevo. Those who wnat to know more about current political orgaznization of Bosnia and Herzegovina should read the lines bellow...

In March 1992, Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Days later, fighting broke out and led to a war lasting over three and a half years. Armed hostilities officially ended in December 1995. During this period, nearly three million people were displaced and over 250,000 are reported dead or missing. UNICEF estimates war wounded at approximately 170,000 people. The war destroyed families, communities, infrastructure, and left the country littered with landmines and unexploded ordnance.

For the most part, hostilities during the war were conducted by three distinct armies: the Bosnian government army (ARBiH), the Bosnian Croat army (HVO) and the Bosnian Serb army (VRS). In March and May 1994, a peace agreement was mediated between the warring Bosnian Croats and the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and signed in Washington and Vienna. The Washington Agreement created the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Under the agreement, the combined territory held by the Croat and Bosniak forces was divided into ten autonomous cantons. The cantonal system was selected to prevent dominance by one ethnic group over another.

The General Framework for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (also known as the Dayton Agreement) was signed on 14 December 1995. This agreement officially ended the war and, among other things, recognized that the country was comprised of two entities the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (usualy referred as the Federation) and Republika Srpska (RS).

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