Gacko is a town and municipality in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Foča Region. Located on the edge of the field Gacko.
In Medieval times, the town was a župa of the Principality and Kingdom of Serbia. In 1276, Serbian prince Stefan Dragutin fought his father's (King Stephen Uroš I of Serbia) troops on the Gatačko polje (Gacko field), and subsequently took the throne. Gacko was at this time an important commercial centre on the Dubrovnik-Foča-route. In its turbulent history, Gacko has often changed rulers: after the fall of Dušan's Kingdom, Gacko became part of the Bosnian Kingdom, and in 1465 it fell under the Ottoman Empire. Austro-Hungarian authorities took over it in 1878 by the decision made at the Berlin Congress.  In the 14th century the region is seat of Hum, under the House of Vojinović. In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventally led to World War I. After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going onto to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992. The town saw heavy fighting in the Bosnian war. Since the peace deals at the end of that conflict, Gacko has remained within the Republika Srpska entity.
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