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A view over Salzburg Old Town taken from the grounds of the Salzburg High Fortress ( Festung Hohensalzburg). The large building standing more or less centre-stage is the cathedral (Salzburger Dom). Just below in the centre of the frame can be seen the outdoor chess board, a picture of which I posted earlier in this series on Salzburg.

Some information extracted from a longer article about Salzburg on Wikipedea:

Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" with its world famous baroque architecture is one of the best-preserved city centres in the German-speaking world, and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city is noted for its Alpine setting. It is the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music, which features a number of famous landmarks in Austria, but focuses mainly on Salzburg. Salzburg is also a student city, with three universities.

Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the Neolithic Age. The first settlements at Salzburg were apparently begun by the Celts. Around 15 BC the separate settlements were merged into one city by the Romans. At this time the city was called Juvavum and was awarded the status of a Roman municipium in 45 AD. The first records of Jewish settlers appear around this time. Juvavum developed into an important town of the Roman province of Noricum. The city declined sharply after the collapse of the Norican frontier, such that by the late 7th century it had become a "near ruin".

The 'Life of Saint Rupert' credits the saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitred the river Salzach for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor Piding. He named the city "Salzburg", and then left to evangelize among the pagans.

The name Salzburg literally means "Salt Castle", and derives its name from the barges carrying salt on the Salzach river, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century, as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers.

The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 and expanded during the following centuries.

Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century.

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Additional Photos by Stephen Nunney (snunney) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6231 W: 61 N: 18147] (81777)
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