Upside down = night reflection of Vienna Karlskirche
The Karlskirche (German for St. Charles's Church) is a church situated on the south side of Karlsplatz, Vienna. It is located on the edge of the 1st district, 200 metres outside the Ringstraße. It is one of the most outstanding baroque church structures north of the Alps and boasts a dome in the form of an elongated ellipsoid.
Ever since Karlsplatz was restored as an ensemble in the late 1980s, the Karlskirche has garnered fame due to its dome and its two flanking columns of bas-reliefs, as well as by its role as an architectural counterweight to the buildings of the Musikverein and of the Vienna University of Technology.
The church is cared for by a religious order and has long been the parish church as well as the seat of the Catholic student ministry of the Vienna University of Technology.
Design and construction
In 1713, one year after the last great plague epidemic, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, pledged to build a church for his namesake patron saint, Charles Borromeo, who was revered as a healer for plague sufferers. An architectural competition was announced, in which Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach prevailed over, among others, Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena and Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt. Construction began in 1716. After J.B. Fischer's death in 1723, his son, Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, completed the construction in 1737 using partially altered plans. The church originally possessed a direct line of sight to the Hofburg and was also, until 1918, the imperial patron parish church.
As a creator of historic architecture, J.B. Fischer united the most diverse of elements. The façade in the center, which leads to the porch, corresponds to a Greek temple portico. The neighboring two columns, crafted by Lorenzo Mattielli, found a model in Trajan's Column in Rome. Next to those, two tower pavilions extend out and show the influence of the Roman baroque (Bernini and Borromini). Above the entrance, a dome rises up above a high drum, which the younger J.E. Fischer shortened and partly altered.
Intercession of Charles Borromeo supported by the Virgin Mary by Rottmayr
The iconographical program of the church originated from the imperial official Carl Gustav Heraeus and connects St. Charles Borromeo with his imperial benefactor. The relief on the pediment above the entrance with the cardinal virtues and the figure of the patron on its apex point to the motivation of the donation. This sculpture group continues onto the attic story as well. The attic is also one of the elements which the younger Fischer introduced. The columns display scenes from the life of Charles Borromeo in a spiral relief, however they also recall the Pillars of Hercules and act as symbols of imperial power. The entrance is flanked by angles from the Old and New Testaments.
This program continues in the interior as well, above all in the dome fresco by Johann Michael Rottmayr of Salzburg and Gaetano Fanti (pseudoarchitecture) which displays an intercession of Charles Borromeo, supported by the Virgin Mary. Surrounding this scene are the cardinal virtues. The frescos in a number of side chapels are attributed to Daniel Gran.
The high altar painting portraying the ascension of the saint was conceptualized by the elder Fischer and executed by Ferdinand Maximilian Brokoff. The altar paintings in the side chapels are by various artists, including Daniel Gran, Sebastiano Ricci, Martino Altomonte, and Jakob van Schuppen.
As strong effect emanates from the directing of light and architectural grouping, in particular the arch openings of the main axis. The color scheme is characterized by marble with sparring and conscious use of gold leaf. The large round glass window high above the main altar with the Hebrew Jehova Tetragram symbolizes God's omnipotence and simultaneously, through its warm yellow tone, God's love.
Next to the structures at Schönbrunn Palace, which maintain this form but are more fragmented, the Karlskirche is Fischer's greatest work. It is also an expression of the Austrian joie de vivre stemming from the victorious end of the Turkish Wars
Critiques | Translate
Asiulus (1184) 2008-04-16 3:43
Good quality, nicely exposed scene. I assume you're carrying the tripod everywhere? ;-)I'd like to see some more of the real one, too.
chanjits (4454) 2008-04-16 18:45
It is very sharp even your shutter speed was so slow and no wave in water I think no wind was there and you achieved such a great result, thanks for sharing.
Graal (103038) 2008-04-16 23:37
amazing reflections, very good work in note, good idea and reportage from Vienna. I like it.
paololg (31448) 2008-04-17 14:29
Caro Silvio, vedo che ti stai specializzando alla grande con i riflessi, che sono uno dei miei temi fotografici preferiti. Ottenere un riflesso così, in notturna e con una nitidezza da manuale, non è semplice. Superbravo.
Ciao e buona notte,
lousat (97487) 2008-04-17 17:36
Ciao Silvio,le foto notturne sono le mie preferite,se poi ci mettiamo un perfetto tempo di esposizione e un riflesso cosi' fantastico....complimenti,Luciano
mikeo (12129) 2008-04-18 4:00
Great shot! Sharpnes is really good in these conditions. Great building, well shown...
Morac (27723) 2008-04-18 4:37
Good quality, nicely exposed scene.
Very good work in note.
Fellini (6407) 2008-05-11 22:20
sono un po un appassionato di foto dark e di riflessi ... e questo tuo scatto possiede entrambi i requisiti e mi piace molto...ma quindi non sono il solo matto ad andare in giro per le città di notte col treppiede sulla spalla!!
Ciao, buona giornata
giorgimer (34965) 2008-07-09 15:20
è davvero un riflesso? Incredibile! Una qualità eccellente. Ottimi dettagli, grande qualità, esposizione azzeccata.
fritzi007 (12414) 2008-10-30 7:28
Grossartige Aufnahme, vom Besten, ein perfektes Foto!!!
- Copyright: Silvio Garda (Jeppo) (17645)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-04-13
- Categories: Architecture
- Exposure: f/3.5, 3 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Night strolling in Vienna, Reflection's everywhere, Night POVs [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2008-04-16 3:08