Tikal is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the archaeological region of the Petén Basin in what is now northern Guatemala.
Tikal was the capital of a conquest state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back as far as the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, ca. 200 to 900 AD.
During this time, the city dominated much of the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily, while interacting with areas throughout Mesoamerica such as the great metropolis of Teotihuacan in the distant Valley of Mexico.
Following the end of the Late Classic Period, no new major monuments were built at Tikal and there is evidence that elite palaces were burned. These events were coupled with a gradual population decline, culminating with the site’s abandonment by the end of the 10th century.
Tikal is the best understood of any of the large lowland Maya cities, with a long dynastic ruler list, the discovery of the tombs of many of the rulers on this list and the investigation of their monuments, temples and palaces.
The site was used for the shooting of some of the scenes of "Star Wars - A New Hope" movie.
Scanned from slide, increased sharpness, contrast & saturation, applied Neat Image, retouches and gradual toning.
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- Copyright: Erdem Kutukoglu (Suppiluliuma) (3887)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 1993-01-00
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Canon AE-1P, Soligor AF 28-210mm f : 4,5 - 5,6, Kodachrome 64
- Map: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-03-27 21:58