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Ivan the Great Bell Tower
The magnificent Ivan the Great Bell Tower soars above the Kremlin complex to a height of 81 meters and from its highest windows you can see for almost 30 kilometers across the sprawling city of Moscow. The bell tower was built for the Kremlin's Assumption, Archangel and Annunciation Cathedrals, which did not have their own belfries, on the site of Moscow's first ever bell tower, which belonged to the 1329 Church of St. John Climacus-under-the Bells. The Ivan the Great Bell Tower was constructed by the Italian architect, Marco Bono, between 1505 and 1508, and its magnificent, white octagonal tower was later increased to its present height by the addition of two extra tiers. This extension was carried out in 1600, on the orders of Boris Godunov, by the Russian craftsmen Fyodor Kon, who also added a gold inscription to that affect below its gilt dome.
The bell tower was the tallest structure in Russia until Konstantin Ton finished the construction of the mighty Cathedral of Christ the Savior, and not only boasts some 329 steps, but a foundation that was sunk 10 meters below ground level. The adjacent four-story Assumption Belfry was built by the Russian architect Petrok Maliy between 1532 and 1543 and contains the biggest of the Kremlin's 21 bells - the Resurrection Bell, cast in the mid-19th century by Zavyalov and weighing an immense 64 tons. The tent-roofed section of the building, the Filaret Annex, was commissioned by the Patriarch of the same name in 1624 and hosts occasional temporary exhibitions.
Napoleon took a great interest in the Ivan the Great Ball Tower when he captured Moscow and the Kremlin during the campaign of 1812. A story goes that on hearing that the cross on the central dome of the Cathedral of the Annunciation was made of solid gold, he immediately gave the order for it to be taken down. Unfortunately, the French leader confused the cathedral with the Ivan the Great Bell Tower and its gilded iron cross. The Bell Tower resisted all attempts by Napoleon's French engineers to remove the cross and it was only when a Russian peasant volunteered to climb the tower that they were finally able to lower the cross on ropes to the ground. When the peasant approached Napoleon looking for a reward, the French leader had him shot instantly as a traitor to his own country.
When Napoleon began his retreat from Moscow in 1812, he ordered that the Ivan the Great Bell Tower be destroyed in his wake. Fortunately, the tower withstood the blast and only the adjacent belfry was damaged. The entire ensemble was restored between 1814 and 1815
Critiques | Translate
mikolaj_kawa (0) 2010-05-29 14:10
Hello Sasko! Amazing tower, wonderful POV, good long perspective, sophisticated work. Original effect. Ideal black frame. Well done!
yeln (11516) 2010-05-29 14:36
tale nizek pov je super za tvojo fotko.
a pri meni žal ne gre na ekran, tako je visok turn. še malo pa ti bom moral kupiti talar, če ti ga ne bodo oni, ki jim delaš lepo reklamo.
všeč mi je ker je dobro narejena z veliko ostrine in s čutom za estetiko.
sorry i am out of točk, sorry again
dkmurphys (50760) 2010-05-29 15:29
Beautiful building and good angle. So small we are among these incredible monuments. Good colors.
giorgimer (34897) 2010-05-29 16:01
your well chosen POV allows to have a wonderful perspective, I like the sky too
Budapestman (82620) 2010-05-29 16:39
a very impressive photo with spectacular composition and attractive details, imposing sight, Tfs! Have a nice weekend! Kellemes hétvégét Kívánok!
sandpiper (6788) 2010-05-29 20:21
Great note. Interesting POV, the tower looks good against the sky. Nice architecture.
ikeharel (60451) 2010-05-29 21:01
Great POV on tower , good color's comp. and an interesting note.
SWEETFREEDOM (23084) 2010-05-30 0:48
great tower, really mighty, colors perfect, interesting notes.
npecanhuk (68238) 2010-05-30 0:50
That's a beautiful tower!
That's a very nice and interesting photograph!
Sharpness, exposure, low pov, colors, vertical format, black & white borders and a simple composition are all excellent here!
TFS - congratulations!
My warmest regards,
delpeoples (54185) 2010-05-31 5:23
Hi Sasko, the extreme close-up has given the photo such excellent perspective. The blue sky and clouds also add to the scale and dizzying perspective. Compliments, nice shot. Have a good day, Lisa
csabagaba (6628) 2010-05-31 8:03
That's a gigantic tower :-) Very well-struck perspective. The golden dome is barely visible. Nice focus, good colors. Starting today: Sasko The Great :-)
Lost in the Green Smile .... Unfortunately, I can give it only two points :-)
subhendu_bagchi (25935) 2010-06-03 3:00
it is a nice view of this famous tower from the lower angle. The light is well managed. The sky is not even burnt while the details of the tower is kept intact. Very well composed. Tfs.
- Copyright: Sasko Glavica (Fante) (5429)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2010-04-24
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Nikon D90, Nikkor 18-105mm AF-S DX F3.5-5.6G ED VR
- Exposure: f/13.0
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2010-05-29 14:08