The Potohar Plateau (Urdu: سطح مُرتفع پوٹھوہار), (also spelled Pothwar/Panjistan region, Potowar or Pothohar/northern panjab) is a plateau in north-eastern Pakistan, forming the northern part of Punjab. It borders the western parts of Azad Kashmir and the southern parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The area was the home of the Soanian Culture, which is evidenced by the discovery of fossils, tools, coins, and remains of ancient archaeological sites.
The Potohari or modern Panjistani language is a major language, while Hindko, Punjabi is also spoken by much of the population. Dhani diaelect, Shahpuri and Chacchi are major dialects in Potohar region. The dialects of Potohar are generally classified as belonging to the Hindko language (Chacchi or Southern Hindko) or Potohari-Pahari dialects.
Potohar is known for its warrior clans including Awans, Janjuas, Abbasis, Kayani clans, Minhas and many others. These same clans constitute the name Gakhars in the past who were famous for defending the region of Potohar. Potohar was known as Paurava in the past and the king of this region was King Porus and he is known for the famous battle with Alexander between the regions of Jhelum river and Indus river.
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