The Kapitan Keling Mosque along Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling (formerly Pitt Street), is one of the best known mosque in Penang. Before the construction of the Penang State Mosque, the Kapitan Keling Mosque was used as the state mosque of Penang, since it is the largest historic mosque in George Town. The Kapitan Keling Mosque was named after Caudeer Mohudeen, the head of the Indian Muslim community credited to have built it around 1800.
The name "kapitan keling" is used to denote the headman or leader of the South Indian Muslim community. The term "keling" is derived from the ancient Hindu kingdom on the Coromandel coast of South India, and the local Hokkien community corrupts the word to derive "keling-na" for Indians in general, particularly those from South India (The North Indians are pooled together with another term, "banggali", though they are not necessarily from Bengal). The title "Kapitan" is a corruption of the English word "Captain", and is used to denote the leader of the community. Similarly, the leader of the Chinese community during that period is called a Kapitan China.
The Kapitan Keling was the first Superintendent of the mosque. He brought in the builders and stones from India for the project. The original mosque structure was a single-storey rectangular building with a sloping roof on all sides and surrounded by a stone bench. It was surrounded by shophouses, with access through a narrow gateway.
It is generally accepted that the 18-acre plot of land on which the mosque stands was granted to the Indian Muslim community by the then Lieutenant Governor of Penang, Sir George Leith, in November 1801 for the building of a "Mohamedan Church for ever". This was not to be, however, as over the years, and as George Town grew, the government had to buy back parcels of land from the mosque, for the town's social amenities. This includes the land for the nearby police station and the Campbell Street Market. The Kapitan would not have to live to see this happening to his mosque, having died in 1834. Kapitan Keling's Tomb can be found at Kampung Kolam, not far from the mosque itself. As I write this (February 2005), the tomb is in a rather neglected state.
Meanwhile, the land belonging to the mosque continued to shrink in size, brought on by encroachment and improper management. Private homes were soon within a few feet of the mosque itself. By 1903, the original 18 acres had reduced to only 8.
In 1905, the government set up the Mohammedan and Hindu Endowment Board, to supervise the administration of trust lands (tanah wakaf). An extensive urban renewal programme was underway. In the 1910s, the mosque was given a major facelift in the British Moghul Revival style, with the addition of Mughal domes and turrets, a large minaret and a madrasah, completed around 1916. The mosque complies with Kiblat, which rules that it must face the direction of the Ka'aba.
Another renovation in 1930 gave the Kapitan Keling Mosque its present appearance after the previous design was deemed impractical. In keeping with tradition, the mosque was not rebuilt, but only enlarged. Among the major work during this period included doubling the height of the central prayer hall, improvement to the ventilation system, and allowing more natural light to enter. The exterior is ochre yellowed while the interior had white marble floors and a high ceiling. The interior aisles are formed by a series of horseshoe arches, crowned with King Edward's plaques. The façade of the building and its interior were decorated with geometric designs, as human and animal forms are forbidden in Islam.
The Kapitan Keling Mosque underwent its most recent refurnishment in 2003, with a RM5 million grant, as water seepage and poor drainage were affecting the building, closing it down for a year. In this renovation, some alterations that do not compromise on the original aesthetics of the building were included. Among the new extensions was a covered walkway and a women's ablution area. Calligraphy was added to the interior of the main dome and walls, where once these were decorated with foral motifs. An Islamic Information Centre is also set up on the ground floor of the minaret.
The Kapitan Keling Mosque is used by Muslims five times a day, seven days a week.
Source / More Informations : Penang Travel Tips. com
Critiques | Translate
Wahclellaspirit (3963) 2012-10-28 22:03
This is an excellent view of the beautiful mosque. You were fortunate to be there when there were no cars blocking the view. Excellent lighting control as well,
Have a great week...
papagolf21 (88259) 2012-10-29 0:36
Bonjour, chère Ally,
Oh ! j'apprécie beaucoup cette présentation ! L'architecture est impressionnante. La note d'accompagnement est toujours une référence.
Un réel plaisir à regarder vos compositions.
danos (88971) 2012-10-29 1:16
nice the panoramic view of complex Kapitan Keling Mosque with its minaret to outlined perfect against the cloudy sky.The clarity and the sharpness are good, with a bit of contrast more and the scene would was much better i think.
pierrefonds (58824) 2012-10-29 4:33
The wideness of the street is giving depth to the composition. The point of view is showing the details and colors of the architecture of the Kapitan Keling Mosque. A good management of the strong light which does not hurt the output of the colors. Have a nice day.
Bluejeans (64249) 2012-10-29 6:35
Ola Ally ,
Bom ponto de visão para esta mesquita ,enorme a torre , gostei muito dos detalhes de arquitetura , parabéns!!
Um abraço Gonçalo
TopGeo (38206) 2012-10-29 13:03
Hello Ally! Very nice image!! I like a lot this view of Mosque atmosphere..great POV, it gives amazing perspective..your picture has a very strong feeling.note and info.sharpness & clarity are spendid..very well done my friend
janjan1897 (1791) 2012-10-29 15:58
What a beautiful architecture ! It almost looks like a palace of the thousand and one nights, and you have framed it superbly in this vertical format. The blue cloudy sky stands out nicely as the backdrop to this interesting architecture. Thanks for your long and complete note.
mirosu (15102) 2012-10-29 22:51
Thanks for great note.
You're capturing well this scene by a good vertical composition and bright tone, so it's interesting and impressive to see white mosque with elegant shape. The whole is harmonized well by beautiful color balance of red-orange, white, green, grey and blue. And, the white clouds draw out an additional good atmosphere, too.
Have a very nice day.
I like your vertical composition with bright colors. The white-green-blue fit very well tohether.
kordinator (19616) 2012-10-31 2:32
Gorgeous looks of the Kapitan Keling Mosque with a minaret at the beautiful day.
Amazing colors and sharp details.
Very nice and interesant informations.
Great composition and presentation.
jlbrthnn (76037) 2012-10-31 4:49
The mosque shows harmonious forms, with many bulbs. The picture quality is very good, the view is cleverly chosen. The note describes an interesting history of the monument. Bravo.
Have a nice day
abmdsudi (44968) 2012-10-31 6:13
There's something unique about this mosque; the dome onion-shape and black color. This is common shape in the past era which rarely seen nowadays as far as I can remember, there is only one of similar dome in Singapore, the historic Sultan mosque but black color is totally unusual that I have never seen before. This is fine historical shot, good presentation, clearly defined in good color, contrast and clarity. The wonderful sky is real bonus, excellent notes too. Congrats
adramad (39546) 2012-11-02 8:50
Great information note, which tells us about the wonderful picture of the mosque before us samples.
An elegant and charming architecture, which highlights the impressive image of the minaret.
Very good management of the light, with very good sharpness and a nice range of colors.
Have a good weekend.
Waylim (25368) 2012-11-02 9:42
Beautiful photo, this is one of you best shots. I love the light with soft pale blue sky and those clouds are just perfect. Wonderful composition of the mosque with tower off to the right reaching up to the sky. Really wonderful details and good colors.
fabbs99 (16803) 2012-11-02 10:17
The Kapitan Keling Mosque in Penang looks awesome.Fantastic sharpness and brightness. Great job, I love it. Have a nice day.
CanmoreKevin (2111) 2012-11-04 10:23
How did you manage this with no people? I like the simple uncluttered nature of this. Nice composition.
s_lush (16134) 2012-11-04 22:51
This magnifisent architectural scene has been captured by you with well-balanced composition and perfect quality, under good light and wonderful sky. Excellent job!
jmdias (57615) 2012-11-05 0:44
marvelous view of this mosque and its architecture, excellent framing showing many details.it would be better with less light.anyway it is a nice job.
cornejo (34108) 2012-11-05 3:23
Hi Ally, very nice picture with good pov, creating an interesting perspective on this interesting and beautiful mosque. Interesting picture well composed and technically very well done, with clarity, depth, good light and good color. Excellent job well done my friend, my congratulations. Tfs.
Good day and happy week.
Best regards and best wishes.
fritzi007 (7654) 2012-11-14 7:23
your photo is very well done to you, and an endless comment, congratulations!
- Copyright: Ally Theanlyn (shevchenko) (18892)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2010-06-27
- Categories: Architecture
- Exposure: f/9.0, 1/1600 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Religious Architectures, Penang - UNESCO World Heritage [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2012-10-28 19:12