Kikakuji The Golden Pavilion in Kyoto is a Zen temple formerly known as Rokuonji, the Deer Garden Temple.
Begun 1397 the pavilion became the new residence for the retired shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.
Kinkakuji was converted into a Zen temple after Yoshimitsu's death in 1408.
The present building dates from 1955 as the pavilion was burnt by a fanatic monk in 1950. This incident became the basis for Yukio Mishima's The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
In 1970 Mishima and his followers took over the headquarters of the Japanese Self-Defense forces in Tokyo. His goal was a coup d'etat, which had no support from anyone save his followers. He committed seppukku in the offices to save face.