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Photographer's Note

Down into the crater:

Ijen Crater or Kawah Ijen is the world's largest highly acidic lake and, is the site of a labor-intensive sulphur mining operation that hundreds of men carry out one of the most grueling and dangerous jobs in the world in which sulphur-laden baskets are hand-carried from the crater floor.

As can be seen, looking deep below at the lake's edge about half a kilometer from where this was taken;
are those boiling sulphur vents and tiny figures could be seen labouring amidst billowing clouds of stinging sulphur fumes, pairs of empty baskets waiting to be filled with sulphur rocks and red molten hot sulphur spurts out and flows through steel pipelines which then turns bright yellows as it dries. As the rising sun began to warm the surface of the turquoise acidic lake, the water had begun steaming and ripples appeared disturbing the bright yellow streaks of sulphur which until then had rested motionless.

From this shooting position using 200mm lens, on top of the crater rim, the sulphur dioxide smell was still quite strong and I really couldn't imagine that in the most hazardous conditions, only wet handkerchiefs were used by the miners down below to protect themselves !!

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Additional Photos by abmdsudi abmdsudi (abmdsudi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3913 W: 144 N: 8972] (38878)
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