Rumah Gadang is traditional house at Minangkabau, Padang, West Sumatra.
About Rumah Gadang:
'Rumah gadang (Minangkabau language: 'big house') are the traditional homes (Indonesian: 'rumah adat) of the Minangkabau. The architecture, construction, internal and external decoration, and the functions of the house reflect the culture and values of the Minangkabau. A rumah gadang serves as a residence, a hall for family meetings, and for ceremonial activities. With the Minangkabau society being matrilineal, the rumah gadang is owned by the women of the family who live there - ownership is passed from mother to daughter.
The houses have dramatic curved roof structure with multi-tired, upswept gables. Shuttered windows are built into walls incised with profuse painted floral carvings. The term rumah gadang usually refers to the larger communal homes, however, smaller single residences share many of its architectural elements.
A communal rumah gadang is a long house, rectangular in plan, with multiple gables and upsweeping ridges, forming buffalo horn-like ends. They normally have three-tiered projections, each with varying floor levels. They are broad and set on wooden piles that can reach as high as 3 meters (10 feet) off the ground; sometimes with a verandah running along the front face of the house which is used as a reception and dining area, and as a sleeping place for guests. Unlike the Toba Batak homes, where the roof essentially creates the living space, the Minangkabau roof rests on conventional walls. Cooking and storage areas are often in separate buildings.
The house is largely constructed of wood; an exception being the being the rear longitudinal wall which is a plain lattice woven in a chequered pattern from split bamboo. The roof is of a truss and cross-beam construction, and is typically covered with thatch from the fibre of the sugar palm (ijuk), the toughest thatch material available and said to last a hundred years. The thatch is laid in bundles which can be easily fitted to the curved, multi-gabled roof. Contemporary homes, however, are more frequently using corrugated iron in place of thatch. Roof finials are formed from thatch bound by decorative metal bindings and drawn into points said to resemble buffalo horns - an allusion to a legend concerning a battle between two water buffaloes from which the 'Minangkabau' name is thought to have been derived. The roof peaks themselves are built up out of many small battens and rafters.
The women who share the house have sleeping quarters set into alcoves - traditionally odd in number - that are set in a row against the rear wall, and curtained off by the vast interior space of the main living area. Traditionally, large communal rumah gadang will be surrounded by smaller homes built for married sisters and daughters of the parent family. It is the responsibility of the women's maternal uncle to ensure that each marriageable woman in the family has a room of her own and to this end will build either a new house or more commonly additionally annexes to the original one. It is said that the number of married daughters in a home can be told by the counting its horn-like extensions; as they are not always added symmetrically, rumah gadang can sometimes look unbalanced. Adolescent boys traditionally live in the village surau, a small mosque.
(Source : Wikipedia)
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alin-m (3716) 2009-08-24 4:31
Nice and good picture of this interesting traditional house.Well done.Regards.Alin.
pablominto (53744) 2009-08-26 3:11
Interesting architecture and well framed!
I admire the details in the house and the stunning lines in the roof construction, wise to include some in front to show the setting...
The leaves make a fine framing of the view!
adramad (30951) 2009-09-01 12:01
An original and nice architecture very well caught by you in this capture, the original roofs, the plants, the reflections in the reservoir, all this one creates nice atmosphere.
shevchenko (18725) 2010-04-25 19:08
Good grame to the traditional architectures, this Minangkabau house have unique roof tops and artistic walls, nice surrounding environment completed with gardening and pool, full with relaxing feel, distinct photo in a cloudy day, thanks fort sharing a tidy shot.
- Copyright: Marie Jo (mariani_josep) (561)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2009-08-17
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Canon 40D, Canon 10-22 EF-S, Cokin Grad ND
- Exposure: f/16, 1/125 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2009-08-23 23:45