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Kumbhalgarh is a Mewar fortress in Rajasthan state in western India. Built during the course of the 15th century CE by Rana Kumbha , and enlarged through the 1800s, Kumbhalgarh is also a birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the great king and warrior of Mewar. Occupied till the nineteenth century, the fort is now open to the general public as a museum . Built on a hilltop 1900 metres in altitude, Kumbhalgarh fort has perimeter walls that extend 36 kilometres in length, claimed to be the longest in the world after the Great Wall of China. The frontal walls are fifteen feet thick. Kumbhalgarh has seven fortified gateways. Over 360 temples are within the fort, 300 ancient Jain and the rest Hindu. The vista from the palace top typically extends tens of kilometers into the Aravalli Range.
According to legend the Maharana of Kumbhalgarh tried so many times to build the wall of the fort but each time failed to do so. They consulted a local pilgrim about their construction problems. The pilgrim advised that he be beheaded and after cutting his head to build a temple where the head should fall, and to build the wall and the fort where the rest of his body lay. Following his advice, they succeed in building the world's second largest wall.

Kumbhalgarh to potężna warownia, strategicznie usytuowana na wysokości 1050 m npm. zwana była okiem księstwa Mewaru, gdyż roztaczał się z niej widok na całą okolicę. Twierdza została zbudowana na polecenie Maharadży Kumbha w 1433 -1468 roku i nigdy nie została zdobyta. Jej mury są tak szerokie ze może jechać obok siebie 6 konnych jeźdźców i ciągną się przez 36 km. Wewnątrz murów znajduje się mniejsza twierdza, Pałac Badal Mahal, świątynie: Nilkanda, Nawacoki Mamdewa, zbiorniki wodne i stajnie.

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4871 W: 81 N: 12243] (72344)
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