Sousse's watch-towers (The Sousse Ribat)
This is one of the finest and best conserved buildings of the series of “fortress-monasteries” that dotted the North African coastline to serve both as defences against assailants come from overseas and as a place for spiritual retreats.
The Sousse Ribat was built at the end of the VIIIth century. Its architectural style is broadly inspired by the style of the Byzantines who preceded the Arab conquerors on African soil. In fact, building materials reclaimed from Antiquity were extensively used in the construction of the monument.
Behind the sturdy crenellated walls surmounted by a watchtower that also served as a minaret, the building is built on two levels opening on a courtyard entirely bordered with arcaded porticos. The upper level contained the austere cells of “solider-monks”, while the entire southern wing is occupied by the vast prayer room.
Sousse (Arabic سوسة Sousa), is a city of Tunisia. Located 140 km south of Tunis, the city has 173, 047 inhabitants (2004). It is in the central-east of the country, on the Gulf of Hammamet, which is a part of the Mediterranean Sea. The name may be of Berber origin: similar names are found in Libya and in the south of Morocco (Bilād al-Sūs). It is the capital of Sousse Governorate with 540,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate). The main economic activities of Sousse are tourism and fishing. Industries produce transport equipment, canned sardines and other sorts of processed food, olive oil and textiles. The port is involved in exports and imports and Sousse serves as a commercial center. The surrounding area produces olives and esparto grass on a large scale. It is home to the Université de Sousse (or Université de Monastir). Sousse is the most important junction for overland communications in Tunisia, both by road and rail. The city shares an international airport with Monastir.
The landmark of Sousse is the Great Mosque and the ribat, both from the 9th century. Sousse is extended to the north with a touristic zone, the Port El Kantaoui, which stretches for several kilometres along the beach.
9th century BCE: The town is founded by the Phoenicians, and is called Hadrumetum.
2nd century BCE: The city allies itself with the Romans against Carthage. It becomes later part of the Roman Empire, and the name is slightly changed into Hadrumentum.
5th century CE: Destroyed by the Vandals, but settlements continued. Called Hunerikopolis.
6th century: Byzantium takes control, and names the city Justinianopolis.
7th century: Arabs take over control of the city, and names it Sūsa.
9th century: Main sea port for the Aghlabid dynasty and their capital of Kairouan.
827: Outlet for the launching of Aghlabid invasion of Sicily.
12th century: A Norman occupation, but this is only short lived.
16th century: Spanish occupation.
18th century: Bombardments from both France and Venice.
Late 19th century: The French make additions to the port facilities of Sousse, making it one of the main ports of this part of Tunisia.
Critiques | Translate
lousat (98297) 2011-02-22 4:21
Hi George,beautiful composition and perspective fromt the Ribat,very impressive light balance,colors and sharpness as usual,a place that i know very well..and what a nice view on the mosque from the tower...remember? Eeheh.....Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano.
dip (23892) 2011-02-22 4:26
beautiful and interesting architectural details and excellent light management,
the framing is really superb!
snunney (107513) 2011-02-22 4:26
A perfectly framed composition of this impressive watch tower; the framing arch beckons us into the image and invites us to explore further. The detail and warm tones of the stonework are beautifully rendered under an attractive light.
dta (82960) 2011-02-22 4:43
Hello George ,
Perfectly framed between the arch . I like especially , here , the dissemetry of this one ;
Well done .
carlosmarin (11954) 2011-02-22 4:43
nice frame of the Ribat of Sousse, through the arch.
Beautiful composition with the tower, and with wonderful colors and light.
Good vertical format.
Have a nice day.
JFS (32459) 2011-02-22 4:48
Great shot of inside fortress. Excellent management of light! Thanks George!
francio64 (39888) 2011-02-22 4:52
una bella cattura attraverso l'arco che fa anche da cornice naturale.
Luce ben gestita che mette ben evidenza il bel colore della pietra muraria in contrasto con il blu del cielo.
Well done and TFS!
Sergiom (89275) 2011-02-22 4:56
J'aime beaucoup le point de vue.L'arche donne un bel encadrement ŕ la tour. La contre plongée donne beaucoup d'ampleur ŕ la tour qui brille au soleil sous ce beau ciel bleu.
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2011-02-22 5:27
Beautiful view from the arch. Nice architectural details and well framed.
mursaloglu (8682) 2011-02-22 5:29
Szia kedves baratom
I like this framing picture by an arch, great light management and wonderful compo . bravo ihsan
dkmurphys (65172) 2011-02-22 5:32
Very fine POV through the arcade. Always a fine choice to put a limit to the heights. Good work, have a nice evening.
jlbrthnn (76039) 2011-02-22 6:19
The vault shaded highlights military architecture so characteristic. The exposure is perfect. Excellent sharpness and colors. Bravo.
Have a nice day
jaywalker (16105) 2011-02-22 6:59
Hi George A great use of the arch to frame the foreground, the light brings out the beauty of the architecture superbly, that blue sky adds some welcomed colour, this is a wonderful piece of work, TFS, kind regards Wilson.
danos (103212) 2011-02-22 7:26
very nice the frame of the Sousse's watch-towers as we can see them through out the arc and the way that are outlined against the blue sky.I like the clarity and the sharpness of the image as the excellent light management.
Have a good afternoon,Danos
Zolive (5935) 2011-02-22 8:35
very nice picture, I lke contrast between the black frame of the arch and the white monument. Blue sky give a beautiful depth. Bravo.
siudzi (34141) 2011-02-22 8:42
Very nice architecture capture with strong pattern of the walls. Like the framing, excellent light management and exposure. Well done. Congrats!
vasilpro (41661) 2011-02-22 9:28
Excellent POV, I like the usage of the arch for frame, wonderful composition, lovely light and colors, very good contrast, interesting architecture.
Have a nice evening, Vasilis.
gildasjan (43824) 2011-02-22 10:52
Un bon encadrement noir pour la mise en valeur de cette superbe architecture dont les teintes s'accordent parfaitement avec le bleu du ciel.
mesutilgim (97732) 2011-02-22 13:05
I loke your pov through the gate; which creates an amazing natural framing.
Nice warm colors.
Very good notes as allways.
TFS and best regards
Schnappilic (9692) 2011-02-22 13:18
Original idea with this POV. Light and colours are superb. TFS!
bukitgolfb301 (45379) 2011-02-22 13:48
Hi my dear George
So great architecture/secnery shot by marvelous framework! Very well considered framework and composition are admirable indeed as usual. Nice usage of light and shadow are so marvelous as always. Thanks for sharing with your finest posting, have a good day and best regards,
Takero from Tokyo
adores (46419) 2011-02-22 15:22
A very good pov to show the well preserved tower!I like the way you framed it! Colours,light and sharpness are very good!
hispic (9652) 2011-02-22 19:36
Jó reggelt Kedves György,
Very nice composition making good use of the arch in shadow! the shadow increases luminous effects of the tower much. Beautiful work.
Have a nice day, Hisashi
jjcordier (79297) 2011-02-22 22:50
Encore un trčs bon cadrage sur ce superbe ribat de Sousse bien restauré.
JCG (35129) 2011-02-22 23:57
A very good use of this passage to emphasize this tower of watch. Strong contrasts are interesting as well in the management of the lights as in the colors, the blue sky is superb. An original glance to present to us this Tunisian inheritance extremely well preserved. Thank you George for the informative note.
With all my friendships and an excellent day,
ymrk (15085) 2011-02-23 1:09
Fantastic photo through the this angle!beautiful noticing and framing!
timecapturer (49288) 2011-02-23 4:29
I love the POV and also the sandstone colour of this beautifully sharp image. It stands out so well against the blue sky. Wonderful shapes, shades and tones. Impressive work.
siamesa (28127) 2011-02-23 4:45
Bom dia George
These photos where we can see scenes through some doors, windows and arcs have a special beauty. I reallu like them. TFS
csabagaba (6636) 2011-02-23 5:43
Érdekes építészet, lassan megbarátkozom az arabush-iszlám formavilággal Nagyon szépen megfogtad a fényeket, amiatt, jól előjönnek a felületstruktúrák. A nézőpont kiváló, a perspektívikus hosszvonalak szépen bevezetnek a kerek toronyba. A boltív itt kettős haszonnal szolgál: egyrészt, nem kellett a dögmelegbe kiállni, másrészt, mint természetes napellenző és keret jó nézőpontot ad és segít a túlzott kontrasztosság elkerülésében.
technikailag ez egy jó fotó.
Szép napot, Líbiának, Marokkónak, egyiptomnak Tunéziának Bahreinnek pedig végre már nyugalmat.
PS: Azt hizzem, megbántódtál a belepiszkált képed miatt, mert láttam, hogy levetted. Rá is akartam kérdezni, de aztán meggondoltam magam, mert úgy gondolom, azért vagyunk - többek között itt, - hogy adott esetben piszkálgassuk egymást, mert ha csak a körbecsókolgatás menne, az nem vezetne sehová:-)
saxo042 (37968) 2011-02-23 8:14
There are many intricate angles and lines among the building here and the main tower is perfectly framed by the irregularly captured arch. A very interesting note as well!
bona (13739) 2011-02-24 12:41
Hi George my friend,
is impressive how the people protected their countries in the past with this big places. Today protection is all based in satellites and sonars. I prefere the old time with that pretty war architecture.
Have a nive evening.
abmdsudi (58262) 2011-02-27 2:30
Lovely capture, I love the framing effect of the arch. Fine viewpoint emphasising great details to the structure of great architecture, shaded by clean deep blue sky. The strong lines and textures are well seen giving a strong impact. Lighting is good with lovely soft shadows and shades enhancing the depth and the minaret is perfectly positioned at the third.
Excellent exposure and clarity, color is good. Another fine shot my friend, Congrats.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2009-07-10
- Categories: Castles, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/180 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-02-22 4:19