The mausoleum of Bourguiba's family is an odd reminder of Tunisia's political system. Habib Bourguiba was the first president of Tunisia, and although he never was elected by the people in free elections, he is generally considered as the father of the modern nation.
Bourguiba died in 2000, and was buried here. Before him, his parents and his wife had both been lain to ground under one of the 2 green domes.
The mausoleum was started to be built in 1963, and has many similarities to the typical mosque and holy man's tomb (zawiyya). In addition to the 3 domes (2 green and one gilded), there are 2 minarets marking the entrance to the complex.
Habib Bourguiba was the first president of Tunisia, and although he never was elected by the people in free elections, he is generally considered as the father of the modern nation.
Bourguiba was born the seventh child of Ali Bourguiba, a former lieutenant in the army of the bey (ruler) of Tunisia, in the small fishing village of Monastir. At an early age he was sent to the Sadīqī (Sadiki) College in Tunis and later to the Lycée Carnot in the same city for his secondary education. There he was introduced to French culture and Western thought, even as he consolidated his education in Arabic and Islamic studies. In 1924 he went to Paris to study law and political science at the Sorbonne, where he developed contacts with Algerian and Moroccan pro-independence intellectuals. He also absorbed many of the philosophical and ideological currents of the time and was drawn especially to the secularist and reformist traditions of French bourgeois life.
Bourguiba returned to Tunisia in 1927, where he practiced law and became engaged in the political struggle for independence, notably through the foundation in 1932 of a nationalist newspaper (L’Action Tunisienne) and his activity in the Destour (Constitution) Party. He soon became frustrated with the leaders of the Destour, whom he considered to be conservative and timid. In 1934 Bourguiba and some of his associates called a special party congress in Ksar Hellal (Qasr Hallāl) and established their own party—the New Destour, or Neo-Destour, Party (from 1964 to 1987 the Destourian Socialist Party [Parti Socialiste Destourien], and later the Democratic Constitutional Rally [Rassemblement Constitutionnel Démocratique])—of which Bourguiba became the secretary-general. Bourguiba encouraged his fellow Tunisians to confront the colonial rulers, resulting in his exile by the French to prison in the desolate south. By that time he was an acknowledged leader of the developing nationalist movement, with a reputation for fiery and inspiring oration; he had become known as the combattant supreme.
Monastir (Arabic: المـنسـتير al-munastîr, from Latin monasterium), called (mi’stir) in Tunisian Arabic, (20 km south of Sousse; 162 km south of Tunis), is a city on the central shore of Tunisia, in the Sahel area.
Monastir city in eastern Tunisia. It lies at the tip of a small peninsula protruding into the Mediterranean Sea between the Gulf of Hammamet and the Bay of Al-Munastīr. The ruins of Ruspinum, a Phoenician and Roman settlement, are 3 miles (5 km) to the west of the city. Monastir is now a port and, with adjacent Saqānis (Skanes), forms a fashionable beach resort complex that is served by an international airport. Its industries include textile milling (especially wool) and the manufacture of salt, soap, and olive oil. The city has a noted ribat (monastery-fortress), founded in 180 ce, to which it owes its name; also in the city are several old mosques and a modern mosque that was completed in 1968 and dedicated to Tunisia’s first president, Habib Bourguiba, who was born in Monastir. Benefiting from Bourguiba’s patronage, Monastir enjoyed considerable development, including a modern marina. In 2000 Bourguiba was buried at Monastir in his family mausoleum. Pop. (2004) 71,546. (Source: Britannica Encyclopedia & Wikipedis & Looklex-Tunisia)
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dta (59121) 2011-03-02 3:29
Hello George ,
This is a superb presentation of this beautiful building . You've chosen the best perspetive , to place the two towers perfectly between the arches .
Considering the actual events , may a little too much for one man , even he is an important person of the tunisian history .
snunney (75070) 2011-03-02 3:42
A fine composition of this impressive and beautiful mausoleum. I like the detail to be observed in the architecture and the shadow play. The image benefits from a very attractive light and has good colours and sharpness.
lousat (67057) 2011-03-02 4:12
Hi George,a perfect sunny day to and choice of point of view to create a beautiful contrast between the archs and the blue sky,very good composition from this very impressive mausoleum that i know very well.Thanks for share,have a nice day,Luciano
Sergiom (48930) 2011-03-02 5:15
Trčs belle composition. J'aime beaucoup la pointe des tours qui arrive parfaitement au centre de l'arche au premier plan.
francio64 (38256) 2011-03-02 5:20
bellissima prospettiva qui. Davvero un bel posto ben rappresentato.
Luce gestita in modo ottimale come sempre nelle tue foto e sharp di ottimo livello tecnico.
Molto bravo! TFS!
John_F_Kennedy (41884) 2011-03-02 5:24
So much visual information in this ultra sharp picture. Very nice
csabagaba (6554) 2011-03-02 6:37
Nagyon jó kis kompozíció a boltívben megjelenő két minaret, ( legalábbis azt hiszem hogy azok. Lassan kezdem megszokni, így a második év közben, sajátos színvilágod. Érdekes, hogy a kicsit tompa, kicsit sárgás színekkel mennyire vissza tudod adni a hely hangulatát, és a vélelmezhető hőséget. Azt hiszem, ezen egy kicsit majd kísérletezni fogok:-)
Szépen kihasználtad a lencse perspektívikus adottságai, a kép teljesen egyben van.
Olvasgatom az Észak-Afrikai helyzetet, és számomra egyre zavarosabb a dolog. Továbbra sem értem, sem az akciókat, sem a reakciókat. Igaz, ahogy nézem, a világpolitika is teljesen tanácstalan, valószínű arra várnak, hogy elmozduljon végre valamerre a dolog. Azt gondolom ők sem kívánják, hogy egy keményvonalas, iráni-jellegű államrendszer kialakításához aszisztáljanak, Főleg úgy nem, hogy ez esetleg egész Észak-Afrikára kihasson. Európától 60-80 km-re, ez nagyon nem lenne azt hiszem, szerencsés, főleg úgy nem, hogy iszlám hitű bevándorlókkal lassan teli vannak az európai államok.
No de ne politizáljunk, én is csak azért teszem, mert önző módon, már a nyári kirándulásomat féltem.-)
Szép napot és jobblétet.
prasun984 (5590) 2011-03-02 7:26
I like the framing ...Very good colour contrast & sharpness...The two towers present in between the front arch beam...gd POV...
lakshmip1949 (19110) 2011-03-02 8:00
Godd pov. Details are well collected. Nicely framed with neutral colors.
tchefi (1417) 2011-03-02 10:21
J'aime beaucoup le point de vue que tu as choisi pour nous présenter ce mausolée. Bon cadrage, belle symétrie également.
Schnappilic (9498) 2011-03-02 11:52
Excellent composition, good exposure, natural colours. I like it!
mauro61 (52623) 2011-03-02 14:11
perfetto il taglio e l'inquadratura con le due torri ben centrate sotto gli archi.
Cielo azzurro che fa da sfondo ideale per la scena,
vasilpro (40685) 2011-03-02 14:15
Wonderful composition, lovely light and colors, excellent POV and perspective, interesting architectural details, fine photo work as usual.
Warm regards, Vasilis.
jlbrthnn (79791) 2011-03-02 14:45
Good evening George,
The composition is completely remarkable, with forms, light, colors of an excellent quality. It is a very beautiful photo. Congratulations.
Have a nice evening
siamesa (27701) 2011-03-02 15:03
Boa noite George
This Mausoleum has rich and beautiful details. Your point of view values these details. Amazing capture.
hispic (9619) 2011-03-02 19:17
Jó reggelt Kedves György,
Very nice capture of the beautiful architecture from Tunisia. in this composition, it might be better to make the minarets accurately vertical. sorry for uttering impertinence.
Still i like this composition making good use of Tunisian blue mosaic and sky.
Best wishes, Hisashi
Atousa (7123) 2011-03-02 21:34
Great composition.. I really like the way you framed the 2 minarets.. the details are eye catching as well.. excellent work.. tfs
Best regards, Atousa
timecapturer (40234) 2011-03-03 3:47
what a wonderful POV and composition, truly impressive. A stunning light, with perfect sharpness and a shadow that is quite creative and cleverly placed. This is a high class image and one that does the beauty of the architecture justice. Well done!!
dkmurphys (44082) 2011-03-03 4:34
Very interesting POV, a fine original capture. The height is limitated by the arcades, clever shot.
Have a good afternoon.
npecanhuk (58184) 2011-03-03 5:02
That's another beautiful and very interesting picture!
Sharpness, exposure, colors, vertical format, black & white borders, contrasts and overall pp are all excellent, however my favorite features here are certainly the chosen pov and the composition with those towers and arches!
TFS - congrats,
amaryllis (32599) 2011-03-04 1:52
un cadrage de toute beauté et trčs pro de ces colonnes de ce Musée célébre, les ombres, le ciel bleu, un graphisme excellent
selay22 (254) 2011-03-04 3:04
love the symmetry, shadows and composition
Good use of light
bona (11855) 2011-03-04 7:57
I love this kind of architecture. If I was rich I would buy a house in this style. I like the point of view with the two towers inserted "in" the archs.
Silvio1953 (109249) 2011-03-04 12:48
Ciao George, beautiful couple of lovely minarets well framed by arch, excellent clarity, splendid light and colors, very well done my friend, have a good week end, ciao Silvio
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2009-07-05
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/6.7, 1/350 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-03-02 3:17