Bourguiba mausoleum, Monastir
The mausoleum of Bourguiba's family is an odd reminder of Tunisia's political system. Habib Bourguiba was the first president of Tunisia, and although he never was elected by the people in free elections, he is generally considered as the father of the modern nation.
Bourguiba died in 2000, and was buried here. Before him, his parents and his wife had both been lain to ground under one of the 2 green domes.
The mausoleum was started to be built in 1963, and has many similarities to the typical mosque and holy man's tomb (zawiyya). In addition to the 3 domes (2 green and one gilded), there are 2 minarets marking the entrance to the complex.
Habib Bourguiba was the first president of Tunisia, and although he never was elected by the people in free elections, he is generally considered as the father of the modern nation.
Bourguiba was born the seventh child of Ali Bourguiba, a former lieutenant in the army of the bey (ruler) of Tunisia, in the small fishing village of Monastir. At an early age he was sent to the Sadīqī (Sadiki) College in Tunis and later to the Lycée Carnot in the same city for his secondary education. There he was introduced to French culture and Western thought, even as he consolidated his education in Arabic and Islamic studies. In 1924 he went to Paris to study law and political science at the Sorbonne, where he developed contacts with Algerian and Moroccan pro-independence intellectuals. He also absorbed many of the philosophical and ideological currents of the time and was drawn especially to the secularist and reformist traditions of French bourgeois life.
Bourguiba returned to Tunisia in 1927, where he practiced law and became engaged in the political struggle for independence, notably through the foundation in 1932 of a nationalist newspaper (L’Action Tunisienne) and his activity in the Destour (Constitution) Party. He soon became frustrated with the leaders of the Destour, whom he considered to be conservative and timid. In 1934 Bourguiba and some of his associates called a special party congress in Ksar Hellal (Qasr Hallāl) and established their own party—the New Destour, or Neo-Destour, Party (from 1964 to 1987 the Destourian Socialist Party [Parti Socialiste Destourien], and later the Democratic Constitutional Rally [Rassemblement Constitutionnel Démocratique])—of which Bourguiba became the secretary-general. Bourguiba encouraged his fellow Tunisians to confront the colonial rulers, resulting in his exile by the French to prison in the desolate south. By that time he was an acknowledged leader of the developing nationalist movement, with a reputation for fiery and inspiring oration; he had become known as the combattant supreme.
Monastir (Arabic: المـنسـتير al-munastîr, from Latin monasterium), called (mi’stir) in Tunisian Arabic, (20 km south of Sousse; 162 km south of Tunis), is a city on the central shore of Tunisia, in the Sahel area.
Monastir city in eastern Tunisia. It lies at the tip of a small peninsula protruding into the Mediterranean Sea between the Gulf of Hammamet and the Bay of Al-Munastīr. The ruins of Ruspinum, a Phoenician and Roman settlement, are 3 miles (5 km) to the west of the city. Monastir is now a port and, with adjacent Saqānis (Skanes), forms a fashionable beach resort complex that is served by an international airport. Its industries include textile milling (especially wool) and the manufacture of salt, soap, and olive oil. The city has a noted ribat (monastery-fortress), founded in 180 ce, to which it owes its name; also in the city are several old mosques and a modern mosque that was completed in 1968 and dedicated to Tunisia’s first president, Habib Bourguiba, who was born in Monastir. Benefiting from Bourguiba’s patronage, Monastir enjoyed considerable development, including a modern marina. In 2000 Bourguiba was buried at Monastir in his family mausoleum. Pop. (2004) 71,546. (Source: Britannica Encyclopedia & Wikipedis & Looklex-Tunisia)
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siudzi (32837) 2011-02-05 2:39
Excellent close-up with great symmetry of this building. Extremely good quality, exposure, light management. Well done. Congrats!
Have a nice day! Malgorzata
besnard (52571) 2011-02-05 2:44
Une très bonne prise de cette architecture élégante et colorée. Le dome est superbe.
Merci pour le partage et bon week-end.
kbr61263 (10) 2011-02-05 2:46
the eveness of the rooftiles captured is a credit to the builders and the photographer
bukitgolfb301 (35000) 2011-02-05 2:50
Hi my dear George
This is another impressive and attractive shot indeed.
Victroy of a bold cropping and focusing!
Very sharp and clear presentation and description in the detail. Great considered cropped framework is so remarakable. Thanks for sharing with your finest posting, have a nice weekend and best regards,
Takero from cold Tokyo
williewhistler (13235) 2011-02-05 3:23
Hello George,you have chosen a most appropriate title,for every detail of this magnificent building that you have included is clearly visable.
The composition is excellent,so symetrical,with shapes and curves to wonder at.
A real eye catcher.
Best regards Les.
dkmurphys (47802) 2011-02-05 3:33
Interesting architecture. A perfect detail with so many elements and colors. Fine composition, well seen.
dip (23532) 2011-02-05 3:43
wonderful architectural details!
excellent seen and composed,very good sharpness and light managemnt as well!
annjackman (18631) 2011-02-05 4:00
You have captured fantastic detail here. The colours are lovely and the symmetry makes for an excellent composition.
bona (12399) 2011-02-05 4:11
I love this kind of architecture, so rich in details. Nice point of view, colors and sharpnes.
It is impressive the size of ths mausoleum.
Thanks for share my friend.
zi_giedre (71) 2011-02-05 4:14
very good composition, no unnecessary or distracting details. Love the dark blue sky above the mosque, nicely contrasting with its sandy color.
all the best,
serp2000 (39000) 2011-02-05 4:21
Excellent! I like your idea to crop this building. You got fine V-composition.Superb sharpness, nice colours.
Have a great weekend!
snunney (80923) 2011-02-05 4:28
A beautiful symmetrical composition focussing on this exquisite architectural detail. The tones and textures look wonderful under a lovely light. Superb sharpness. Thanks for sharing, have a good weekend.
pasternak (15181) 2011-02-05 4:51
Perfect symmetry and fantastic sharpness, lots of different patterns can be appreciated, excellent shot.
francio64 (38276) 2011-02-05 5:07
taglio minimalista su questa moschea di cui ci presenti solo qualche dettaglio.
Eccellente la qualità dello sharp e ottima la gestione della luce.
Spettacolare la resa cromatica.
BennyV (13548) 2011-02-05 5:21
Well balanced and composed architecture shot, George.
Superb oriental colours and that equally superb blue sky.
HAve a fine weekend.
Sergiom (56831) 2011-02-05 6:02
Très beau cadrage ou la recherche des détails, des formes et des couleurs est bien réussie. Techniquement parfaite.
vagabondtravels (6507) 2011-02-05 6:12
Nice architectural capture. Good lines. Great color and very sharp with excellent detail. Well done.
abmdsudi (41466) 2011-02-05 7:23
Splendid image, tighly cropped and great framing. Excellent intricate details and great sharpness with strong repeated lines, curves and patterns and perfectly balance to the sky area. Excellent exposure with good clarity, awesome colors hues and contrast. Well done, Congrats
humayun (2919) 2011-02-05 8:37
very very nice capture..........
good frame work.........
you have a good idea........
JFS (32459) 2011-02-05 8:47
Great detail of this mosque. Very atractife shot. Well done George!
vasilpro (40881) 2011-02-05 8:55
Superb symmetric composition, interesting architectural details, lovely light and colors, very good contrast, very nice POV, fine photo work.
Have a nice weekend, Vasilis.
cebe (1481) 2011-02-05 8:59
Well seen and well realized. Excellent graphical shot (reinforced by the uniformity of the beautiful sky), carefully composed. Descriptive also, interesting architecture.
Have a nice week-end, Claude.
siamesa (27735) 2011-02-05 9:50
boa tarde George
The details of the architectural of the mosque has a perfect sharpness. Beautiful colors and designs. TFS
Cricri (103425) 2011-02-05 10:58
Une belle idée de cadrage, magnifique détails, les couleurs et les formes, tout dans une netteté et qualité superbe
mauro61 (52623) 2011-02-05 12:35
buono il close up sulla parte alta dando risalto ai colori e alle forme architettoniche.
La luce rende brillante l'immagine,
mesutilgim (81626) 2011-02-05 14:58
Nice architectural capture with perfect symmetry; very good compo and eyecatching brilliant colors.
TFS and best regards
npecanhuk (62744) 2011-02-05 17:55
A very attractive architecture picture!
Special regards to the symmetrical composition, exposure and colors!
So many interesting shapes, colors, textures and materials!
TFS - congrats,
jjcordier (74674) 2011-02-05 22:24
Un très beau détail de ce mausolée (aux dimensions et au luxe peut-être un peu excessifs?). C'est parfaitement cadré, avec de très belles couleurs et une qualité d'image irréprochable.
Atousa (7131) 2011-02-06 2:02
Great symmetry n composition.. the details are really worth seeing.. a nice architectural shot.. tfs
nikkitta (14062) 2011-02-06 15:57
First I want to pray you to continue posting photos ( well documented) from Tunez
Second I congratulated you for this creative crop to showing a detailed way the beauty of Islamic architecture
Graal (96072) 2011-02-07 0:10
Jó napot George,
very nice symmetric composition. Beautiful details, nice a fragment of monastir. Well informations and done photo. Perfect quality. I like it.
Have a nice day.
JCG (35129) 2011-02-07 11:26
A beautiful succession of interesting architectural details emphasized on this photograph, I like much the symmetry and the quality of the image, in particular clearness. A framing which makes think of a little of the shape of a helmet otoman. The harmony of the colors is superb. Pretty glance, well done George.
All my friendships and with soon,
macjake (54290) 2011-02-08 0:35
very well fit into the frames edges, great sense of symmetry.
wonderful geometry and shapes contrasting eachother.
well executed my friend
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2009-07-05
- Categories: Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/180 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-02-05 2:35