The Citadel of Saladin is a fortification in Cairo in Egypt. The siAlso known as the Alabaster Mosque, the Mosque of Muhammad Ali was designed by the turkish Yusuf Boshna, and has a design and style architecture turkish, not marked by the Egyptian tradition. His client, Muhammad ʿ Ali, was an Albanian mercenary, who came to power in 1806 and ruled for 43 years. The work of his mosque were initiated in 1839 and was completed 18 years later, in 1857. It was inspired in its form, the famous mosque of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul even if it is smaller.
The mosque and tomb of Muhammad Ali is popularly known as the Alabaster Mosque because its walls are covered with this material brought by the Governorate of Beni Suef. Other features of the mosque are its minarets snellissimi of 270 feet, its floor covered with beautiful carpets ceiling lights and lavish load of a huge chandelier, the arcaded courtyard that is a central fountain for ablutions, his dome 170 feet with Ottoman style and its clock tower, which was ceded by King Louis-Philippe of France in 1836 in exchange for the obelisk of Luxor temple, the clock was broken during transport by ship and it never worked, while the obelisk is exhibited in the Place de la Concorde in Paris, part of the Muqattam hill, near the center of Cairo, was once famous for its fresh breeze and superb view of the city. Was fortified by Salah al-Din (Saladin) between 1176 and 1183, as a protection against the Crusaders.
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