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Photographer's Note

Mosque of Sultan Hassan (left) and Al Rifaii Mosque (right) viewed from the Citadel.

The Sultan Hassan Mosque is one of the masterpieces of Mamluk architecture. The building was commissioned by Sultan Hassan bin Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun in 1356 AD as a mosque and religious school for all four juristic branches of Sunni Islam. It was designed so that each of the four schools of thought - Shafi, Maliki, Hanafi and Hanbali - has its own area while sharing the mosque.
Construction started in 1356 AD and ended 7 years later in 1363 AD. One of the minarets collapsed during construction killing 300 people. The facade is 76 meters long and 36 meters high. The mosque is featured on the Egyptian one-hundred pound note.


The Al Rifaii Mosque was constructed in two phases over the period between 1869 and 1912. It was commissioned by Khushyar Hanim, the mother of the 19th century Khedive Isma'il Pasha to expand and replace the preexisting zawiya (shrine) of the medieval era Islamic saint Ahmad al-Rifa'i. The zawiya was a pilgrimage site for locals who believed that the tomb had mystical healing properties.
The building itself is a melange of styles taken primarily from the Mamluk period of Egyptian history, including its dome and minaret. The building is a burial site of many important people.


I have decided to RePost this photo after the comment from quillo. He pointed out that some of my early uploaded shots may not be as good as the new ones. Indeed I see a huge difference by myself. It certainly relates to a better equipment which I have right now, including better lenses, but also it is due to many software tricks which I learned, also by presence on this forum. The change which I introduced to this upload was not too fancy: I have just modified contrast and brightness. The final file size which is about 3x larger makes surely a difference too. I may not modify all of my older uploads but I believe this one is so great and unique that it deserves a second chance. Of course after decreasing the size I have resharpened. This description is dedictaed to all new members of TE, who often have something interesting to show but they don't pay enough attention to preparing the photo for the upload. Believe me: times have changed: having good eye and/or camera is not enough.

darek1978, jhm, Cretense, Graal, Amaz has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Mariusz Kamionka (mkamionka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2886 W: 95 N: 7216] (30220)
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