The Karnak temple complex, universally known only as Karnak, describes a vast conglomeration of ruined temples, chapels, pylons and other buildings. It is located near Luxor in Egypt. This was ancient Egyptian Ipet-isut ("The Most Selected of Places"), the main place of worship of the Theban Triad with Amun as its head, in the monumental city of Thebes. The complex retrieves its current name from the nearby and partly surrounding modern village of el-Karnak, some 2.5km north of Luxor.
The complex is a vast open-air museum and the largest ancient religious site in the world. It is probably the second most visited historical site in Egypt, second only to the Giza Pyramids near Cairo. It consists of four main parts (precincts), of which only the largest, the Precinct of Amun-Re, is open to the general public. The term Karnak is often understood as being the Precinct of Amun-Re only, as this is the only part most visitors normally see. The three other parts, the Precinct of Montu, the Precinct of Mut and the dismantled Temple of Amenhotep IV, are closed to the public. There also are a few smaller temples and sanctuaries located outside the enclosing walls of the four main parts, as well as several avenues of human and ram-headed sphinxes connecting the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Amun-Re, and Luxor Temple.
The temple of Karnak is famous for its 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows in the Hypostyle Hall. 122 of these columns are 10 meters tall, and the other 12 are 21 meters tall with a diameter of over three meters. The architraves on top of these columns weigh an estimated 70 tons. These architraves may have been lifted to these heights using levers. This would be an extremely time-consuming process and would also require great balance to get to such great heights. A common alternative theory is that there were large ramps made of sand mud brick or stone and the stones were towed up the ramps. If they used stone for the ramps they would have been able to build the ramps with much less material. The top of the ramps would presumably have either wooden tracks or cobblestones to tow the megaliths on. There is a unfinished pillar in an out of the way location that indicated how they finished it. The finish carving was done after the drums were put in place.   Several experiments moving megaliths with ancient technology were done at other locations some of them are listed here. There is a double row of sphinxes leading to the temple of Luxor. There are several colossal statues including the figure of Panejem which is 10.5 meters tall. The sandstone for this temple, including all the columns, was transported from Gebel Silsila 100 miles south on the Nile river.  It also has one of the largest obelisks weighing 328 tonnes and standing 29 meters tall.  
The key difference between Karnak and most of the other temples and sites in Egypt is the length of time over which it was developed and used. Construction work began in the 16th century BC. Approximately thirty pharaohs contributed to the buildings, enabling it to reach a size, complexity, and diversity not seen elsewhere. Few of the individual features of Karnak are unique, but the size and number of features are overwhelming. Construction of temples started in the Middle Kingdom and continued through to Ptolemaic times.
In 2009 UCLA launched a web site dedicated to virtual reality digital reconstructions of the
The Gateway of Ptolemy III Euergetes / Ptolemy IV Philopator at the Precinct of Montu
The history of the Karnak complex is largely the history of Thebes. The city does not appear to have been of any significance before the Eleventh Dynasty, and any temple building here would have been relatively small and unimportant, with any shrines being dedicated to the early god of Thebes, Montu. The earliest artifact found in the area of the temple is a small, eight-side from the Eleventh Dynasty, which mentions Amun-Re. Amun (sometimes called Amen) was long the local god of Thebes. He was identified with the Ram and the Goose. The Egyptian meaning of Amen is "hidden" or the "hidden god".
(FROM WIKIPEDIA, EDITED BY SERP2000)
Critiques | Translate
lousat (77798) 2009-06-14 2:46
Hi Serghei...how many people inside the temple!! I was there recently and maybe i was too lucky..ehehe..very excellent pic whit a great perspective and top quality of sharpness and colors! My best compliments,have a nice day,Luciano
sandpiper (6788) 2009-06-14 4:06
I was there in February too. But not so many people on the day I visited the site. I like this shot though as it illustrate the huge numbers that come to explore and learn about this great culture.
wolf38 (31282) 2009-06-14 6:26
Hello Serghei. A really skillful composition. The architecture of the temple and the people down in the picture are in the best way combined. Very beautifully. Regards, Wolfgang.
Fis2 (86247) 2009-06-14 6:50
Excellent place, beautiful ruins.
I like the vertical frame and colors.
The peoples add savor of photo.
smarcell (19963) 2009-06-14 7:08
I like a lot the contrast between the ancient ruins and the river of modern tourists. A picture which describes well the place.
trekks (14348) 2009-06-14 11:03
I like the vertical format you have presented this shot. Good POV chosen.
Great shot of the temple and it seems that it is being restored?
From the large crowd of people, this place must be hugely popular with tourists.
shevchenko (19279) 2009-06-14 20:26
Lively shoot to show crowd at the temple, attractive yellowish wall, clear to see some carving of different characters on the wall, thanks for sharing the historical temple.
fanni (14381) 2009-06-16 3:04
хмм... такое ощущение, что вся эта грандиозность щас упадет! я понимаю, что все очень древнее... однако... есть некий наклон вправо, хоть на 1 градус. Это общее впечатление. А вообще, сразу вспомнился фильм Death on the Nile - в русском переводе в прокате был как "Роковое путешествие" по А. Кристи :) Вы его наверняка знаете - который с Питером Устиновым.
Кстати, не читали книгу Устинова "Старик и мистер Смит?" Я долго была под впечатлением.
Фото интересное - нравится мне его перспектива... не нравится только факт присутствия ТАКОГО количества народу, хотя именно толпы оного и составляют половину смысла этого фото.
В общем, я знаю точно одно: в Египет я никогда в жизни не поеду, даже даром. Ну если только в те места, где не ступала еще нога туристов, что делает мою нереальную поездку еще более нереальной, потомушто таковых мест, наверное, уже нет!
когда в каком-то древнем историческом месте ТАК много народу, то это место теряет свой смысл. А, возможно, оно просто "закрывается" и "открывается" только тогда, когда рядом никого нет. У памятников старины тоже своя душа и энергетика. Надоели мы им, памятникам, до чертиков, наверное!
"Филипп Филиппович, ну они всё ходят и ходят!!"
Как у вас погодка? у нас так себе, средне. Солнечно. Славатегосподи, не жарища. В Москве +30 хуже, чем в тропиках +40.
fritzi007 (6047) 2009-06-17 8:04
Muss mich wiederholen, wirklich interessant und guter Text!
mvdisco (17774) 2009-06-17 19:27
A nice presentation of the Karnak temple complex,
Excellent POV. and well composed daylife scene of the old place, Great old architecture and details of the temple, good colors and light,
all my compliments
mafegan (8624) 2009-07-07 5:45
I too have visited Karnak temple amongst crowds similar to those you have shown here - that was in 2004. I also visited this site 30years earlier in 1974 and we were virtually alone. It was good and original idea to show the reality and popularity of this ancient site. Tfs, Marlene