On the Sal island ("sal" is salt), the flattest island of The Cape Verde Islands, there is a salt lake situated inside the mouth of a long extinct volcano.
For many centuries salt has been extracted here. Earlier in this century there were 40 hectares of salt pans on this site.
In the 18th century a salt business was developed. The most challenging technical issue confronting the establishment of the salt business at Pedra de Lume was to design a way of transporting the salt from the salinas high above the village to the embarkation point at the port. Initially pack animals were used to do the work. Later a tunnel was cut through the wall of the extinct volcano thereby easing access to the salina.
In 1919 a businessman from Santa Maria and a French company based in Bordeaux purchased the salt company. They installed a tramway system which revolutionized their ability to transport the salt to the port. The tramway was 1100 meters in length and was able to transport 25 tons of salt per hour. The new company found a market for its exports to several West and Central African countries.
By 1985 the salinas of Pedra Lume ceased all exportation. Today the company's minute production does not even satisfy local demand.
In 1990 there were about 700 full time residents in Pedra de Lume. Unfortunately, the economy of the town only offered 22 year-round jobs to local residents. The rest of the town's workers have had to migrate to other parts of Sal or have been compelled to move to other islands or abroad.
Critiques | Translate
smartins (1967) 2006-02-25 11:42
I miss this place! I went there 2 years ago and love it!
Did you take bath on that lake? ;) It's very cool, you feel like floating :)
This is a great composition!
xuaxo (6846) 2006-05-18 16:02
Maybe this is not the best photo of the salinas, but your note is very good and informative.
jiherka (4552) 2006-07-16 13:58
C'est drôle, je publie actuellement des photos de cette région sur TE. Et en regardant ce qui déjà publié, je vois votre photo... Il me semble qu'il y a une paire de soulier au centre de la photo, ou est-ce simplement des pierres? Je me suis mis exactement ou se trouvent ces souliers(pierres) et j'ai fait un panorama de 360°...
C'est un peu dommage que la montagne dans le fond est un peu sous-exposé. Je sais qu'avec le soleil très haut et les nuages qui passent, s'est souvent comme ceci.
- Copyright: Sylvie Fondacci Monteiro (SylFondacci) (4087)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2006-01-28
- Categories: Nature
- Camera: Canon Digital Ixus 500
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Travelogue: Back to Cabo Verde Islands
- Theme(s): Salt Mining [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2006-02-25 10:37