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Timgad was a Roman colonial town founded by the Emperor Trajan around 100 AD on the northern slopes of the Aures Massif, about 60 km east of Batna, and 170 km south of the Mediterranean coast.
The ruins are noteworthy for being one of the best extant examples of the grid plan as used in Roman city planning. The original Roman grid plan is magnificently visible in the orthogonal design, highlighted by the decumanus maximus (east-west-oriented street) and the cardo (north–south-oriented street) lined by a partially restored Corinthian colonnade. The cardo does not proceed completely through the town but instead terminates in a forum at the intersection with the decumanus.At the west end of the decumanus rises a 12 m high triumphal arch, called the Arch of Trajan, which was partially restored in 1900. The arch is principally of sandstone, and is of the Corinthian order with three arches, the central one being 11' wide. The grooves left by wagon and chariot wheels can still be seen in the stone road.

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Additional Photos by Ecmel Erlat (ecmel) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 85 W: 0 N: 128] (1145)
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