Perspolis by kami1 (579)
tuberose2461 (127) 2006-11-29 4:47
Persepolis" or "Takhte Jamshid"
The magnificent palace complex at Persepolis was founded by Darius the Great around 518 B.C., although more than a century passed before it was finally completed. Conceived to be the seat of government for the Achaemenian kings and a center for receptions and ceremonial festivities, the wealth of the Persian empire was evident in all aspects of its construction. The splendor of Persepolis, however, was short-lived; the palaces were looted and burned by Alexander the Great in 331-330 B.C. The ruins were not excavated until the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago sponsored an archaeological expedition to Persepolis and its environs under the supervision of Professor Ernst Herzfeld from 1931 to 1934, and Erich F. Schmidt from 1934 to 1939.
The magnificent ruins of Persepolis lie at the foot of Kouh-e Rahmat, or "Mountain of Mercy," in the plain of Marv Dasht about 850 kilometers south of the present capital city of Tehran and about 50 kilometers north of Shiraz.
The exact date of the founding of Persepolis is not known. It is assumed that Darius I began work on the platform and its structures between 518 and 516 B.C., visualizing Persepolis as a show place and the seat of his vast Achaemenian Empire. He proudly proclaimed his achievement; there is an excavated foundation inscription that reads, "And Ahuramazda was of such a mind, together with all the other gods, that this fortress (should) be built. And (so) I built it. And I built it secure and beautiful and adequate, just as I was intending to."
Invisible by starbug (6924)
tuberose2461 (127) 2006-11-29 1:04
I was reading your comments on the woman in the chador and I thought to enlighten you on the subject of women in Iran. First of all please don't be brainwashed by this media coverage of my country. Women are not held back here as many of our neighbor countries have done so. They drive; they have always been given the right to vote form the first time anybody voted in this country, over half of university students in Iran are now women and many other things that the media has shut its eyes on. People please open your eyes to the betrayal of the media to your knowledge of the world around you.
for more info : http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5359672.stm
Abul Qasim Firdousi by qadirsh (85)
tuberose2461 (127) 2006-11-06 0:15
Hakim Abu al-Qasim Mansur Firdowsi2 was born about AD 935 to a prosperous and educated dihqan3 family near the town of Tus, city of in Khurasan province. By age thirty, he had developed a good understanding of the past history of Iran. Familiar with the consequences of the Arab conquest of his homeland, he sought to safeguard Iranian heritage against impending assaults by the Turks of Central Asia. Toward this end, he studied the chronicles of Mazandaran, Sistan, Balkh, Bukhara, and Khutan, as well as the oral traditions that had developed over centuries around the ancient culture. These included discussions of immortality, the divine right of kings, knowledge, justice, heroism, vengeance, deceit, and black magic. By age forty, Firdowsi was ready to versify the entire account made available to him by a friend.
More info on: http://www.iles.umn.edu/faculty/bashiri/Farr%20folder/firdowsi.html
Statue by qadirsh (85)
tuberose2461 (127) 2006-11-06 0:10
Nader Shah(1688-1747), the founder of Afsharid Dynasty, an enigmatic figure in Iranian history ruled from 1736 - 1747 A.D. Nader Shah was born in Kobhan, Iran, on October 22, 1688, into one of the Turkish tribes loyal to the Safavid shahs of Iran. He was the son of a poor peasant, who lived in Khorasan and died while Nader was still a child. Nader and his mother were carried off as slaves by the Ozbegs, but after death of his mother in captivity Nader managed to escape and became a soldier. Soon he attracted the attention of a chieftain of the Afshar in whose service Nader rapidly advanced.
In 1719 the Afghans had invaded Persia. They deposed the reigning Shah of the Safavid dynasty in 1722. Their ruler, Mahmoud Ghilzai, murdered a large number of Safavid Princes, hacking many of them to death by his own hand. After he had invited the leading citizens of Esfahan to a feast and massacred them there, his own supporters assassinated Mahmoud in 1725.
At first, Nader fought with the Afghans against the Ozbegs until they withheld him further payment. In 1727 Nader offered his services to Tamasp II, heir to the Safavid dynasty. Nader started the reconquest of Persia and drove the Afghans out of Khorasan. The Afghans suffered heavy losses, but before they fled Ashraf massacred an additional 3000 citizens of Esfahan. Most of the fleeing Afghans were soon overtaken and killed by Nader's men, while others died in the desert. Ashraf himself was hunted down and murdered.
By 1729 Nader had freed Persia from the Afghans. Tamasp II was crowned Shah, although he was little more than a figurehead. While Nader was putting down a revolt in Khorasan, Tamasp moved against the Turks, losing Georgia and Armenia. Enraged, Nader deposed Tamasp in 1732 and installed Tamasp's infant son, Abbas III (1732-1740), on the throne, naming himself regent. Within two years Nader recaptured the lost territory and extended the Empire at the expense of the Turks and the Russians.
In 1736 Nader evidently felt that his own position had been established so firmly that he no longer needed to hide behind a nominal Safavid Shah and ascended the throne himself. In 1738 he invaded Kandahar, captured Kabul and marched on to India. He seized and sacked Delhi and, after some disturbances, he killed 30000 of its citizens. He plundered the Indian treasures of the Moghal Emperors, taking with him the famous jewel-encrusted Peacock Throne and the Koh-i Noor diamond. Then he invaded Transoxania. He resumed war with Turkey in 1743. In addition, he built a navy and conquered Oman.
Nader concentrated all power in his own hands. He was a brilliant soldier and the founder of the Persian navy. He moved the capital to Mashhad in Khorasan, close to his favourite mountain fortress.
Nader was Persia's most gifted military genius and is known as "The Second Alexander" and "The Napoleon of Persia".
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