Rice — my endless lesson /74/ by ngythanh (8580)
Yuanclarkson (38) 2007-11-10 16:18
I understand that you don't need me to make the same comment on every post of your series about "Terraced Rice Cultivation" in Yuanyang. Just one serious and sincere one is enough: I appreciate your hard work to travel back to Yuanyang to collect more photos, and to search for and locate professor Shimpei's survey.
The series ends today, but the value of your work stays with us.
CMAC Cambodia by ngythanh (8580)
Yuanclarkson (38) 2007-09-29 5:02
After reading your today post, I would like to add some info:
"CMAC’s approximate 60 demining platoons are organized and deployed in groups of four to six platoons plus supporting elements (ambulance, radio, guards, etc.), with three such groups making up a Demining Unit (DU). This type of organization means that CMAC cannot deal readily with smaller tasks. Some flexibility is provided bycommunity mine teams whose mandate is to take on urgent tasks in order to reduce casualties as quickly as possible. Ideally, these teams clear the most critical areas in a village and mark the remaining mined areas until CMAC can mount a larger operation. There is also a small development demining unit that has carried out a number of high priority tasks with funding directly from UNHCR. CMAC also deploys EOD, mine awareness and mine marking teams.
From 1993 to 2000, CMAC’s platoons cleared an average of 10 sq. km per year. In mid-2000, three of the four DUs were working in the northwestern provinces of Battambang and Banteay Meanchey and the fourth was preparing to move into northern Cambodia. Unfort-unately, CMAC had failed to adequately address a multitude of concerns about mis-management and corruption, despite increasing donor pressure beginning in 1999. As a result, funding became steadily scarcer and after scraping by for several months, CMAC ceased operations and laid off the majority of its staff in late 2000. This effectively removed three-quarters of the demining resources in Cambodia. Currently, it appears that CMAC will resume operations at some point in 2001, once donor concerns have been fully addressed and funding reinstated. Meanwhile, several commercial demining companies are currently seeking to benefit, in part, from CMAC’s failings and receive the authority to begin demining operations.
Manual demining is the primary method in use in Cambodia. The equipment is typical for the job (tripwire feelers, vegetation cutters, mine detectors, prodders and excavating tools, varying suites of protective equipment), as are the physically and mentally arduous conditions deminers face daily. Rates of pay are high by Cambodian standards: $160 a month for a beginner CMAC deminer, in a country where the per capita monthly income is about $23. These wages and the status associated with being a deminer are more than sufficient to overcome any concern about death or injury, and there is no shortage of volunteers. There has been a steady trickle of casualties among the demining and EOD teams, averaging eight or nine a year since 1993, about 7 percent of which are fatal."
You may want to contact the author of above passge for help if you still want to visit CMAC at work. Mr. Rohan Maxwell can be reached by phone at (418) 844-3180 or by email at email@example.com.
Island on top of mountain by ngythanh (8580)
Yuanclarkson (38) 2007-09-23 5:04
It's hard to believe this is a photograph...
You are so lucky to view this with your own eyes.
The entire set of pictures you brought back from Yuanyang is my favorite. I wish to visit the destination soon.
Child Malnutrition by ngythanh (8580)